On 3 Aug 03 at 7:57, Mary Sue Ittner wrote: > The topic this week was inspired by an unanswered question on > another bulb list and that was which bulbs flower without leaves. > For the sake of this discussion let us focus on those plants that > break dormancy with flowers first followed by leaves later. Cyclamen hederifolium sends up its first flowers long before the leaves emerge. Cyclamen coum more or less leafs out simultaneously with the appearance of the leaves in late fall or early winter. For the life of me, I can't tell you what Cc. repandum and pseudibericum do: I have a funny idea that C. repandum actually leafs out quite late, not long before the flowers appear, but don't quote me. I'll have to pay closer attention this winter. Galanthus reginae-olgae, at least some forms of it, flowers before its leaves emerge. Leucojum roseum is in flower as I write, triggered by watering. No leaves yet. Ditto for L. autumnale. At the other end of the seaason, Eranthis hyemalis flowers before the leaves are much developed. -- Rodger Whitlock Victoria, British Columbia, Canada "To co-work is human, to cow-ork, bovine."