Gang -- Thanks for all of the suggestions for under the black walnut, but the bed and the black walnut are separated by a concrete sidewalk as well as distance -- in fact, only a small portion of the bed is even under the drip line. The tree just happens to be large enough that it shades the area. Since I planted the tree as a sapling (brought it home from school on Arbor Day about 25 years ago believe it or not) I am all too aware of the wonders of juglone. :) Some pics that might help out a bit.... This is a pic of the front of the house taken a couple of years back: http://garden.infobin.org/Images/… This is a pic from 2000 that shows how the house looked in 1993 and how it looked in 2000. The trees over the red car (to it's front as you view the picture) had to be removed -- they were dropping some truly nasty sap and had grown into the power lines. :( We're STILL working on getting something around the driveway like shrubs and a small tree to grow at the front. http://garden.infobin.org/2000/images/… In these pictures, the Black Walnut sits just to the left of the gate. For the best overall view of the front yard (including the neighbor's wall and such) give this link a look: http://garden.infobin.org/2000/Yards.htm This is also a couple of years old, but not much has changed (yeah, I've been a bit lazy -- I've focused on other tasks and then fell into a black hole over some heart problems I've been having for the last year and half to two years (and am still battling)). The bed is the small strip on the opposite side of the sidewalk -- youc an see the neighbor's white stone wall. The whole area is a great little microclime as it's only facing area is to the street. Noc.