At 08:03 PM 9/9/2004 +0200, Angelo Porcelli wrote: >The word for 'little spring' doesn't exist, as it's just my creation. >Anyway, in the case we would use 'Primaverina' :-) Perhaps the rest of you may wonder why such a thing is of interest to me. The German garden writer/nurseryman Karl Foerster, writing not quite a century ago (Vom Bluetengarten der Zukunft, Verlag Der Gartenschoenheit, Berlin=Westend 1922 - I have the second edition) used the word Vorfruehling (literally, pre-spring) to describe that period in late winter when, although the cold and occasionally bitter weather is still with us, the garden nevertheless surges into bloom. Technically, spring does not begin until the third week of March; yet in many years the Eranthis, Galanthus, early Crocus, "spring" blooming Colchicum and so on are gone by then. It's one of the most interesting times of the year for the bulb enthusiast, yet we really don't have a word for this season in English. Angelo's "little spring", which he used to describe phenomena at the other end of the year, reminded me of this. And here's another thought: the return of the rains in summer dry climates brings on a burst of bloom in the autumn which well deserves a name - Angelo's "little spring" makes perfectly good sense to me. Most of us who live in winter cold northern climates think of the northern hemisphere spring as the beginning of the gardening year. Yet all of my gardening life, the annual return of the late summer/autumn blooming bulbs has signaled for me the beginning of the gardening year. And the academic year begins again in the autumn (although I suspect that that has something to do with the lack of air conditioning in the recent past, and before that the need for cheap child labor in the summer fields). The Jewish New Year will be celebrated next week: I've often wondered, is this a holdover from the days when the arrival of the autumnal rains signaled the time to plant and begin a new agricultural year? Here in Maryland, the "little spring" tends to be overshadowed by the events in the greater garden. Still, there is an excitement all out of proportion to the size, color or other qualities of the late summer/autumn-blooming bulbs which on a very deep level has something to do with new beginnings: it's as if, even in this northern climate and so many generations removed from our apparent ancestors, these plants trigger something vestigial and elemental in my senses. Jim McKenney email@example.com Montgomery County, Maryland, USA, USDA zone 7, where it takes a lot of imagination to think "Primaverina" in our bagno Turco climate.