Would someone kindly define for me: chaparral? Marguerite English <email@example.com> wrote: This is definitely an interesting topic. It fits in well with the PBS original mission of 'using bulbs in the garden.' Sometimes our topics are about collections or their scientific basis, and occasionally about our gardens. I enjoy both kinds of topics. I do agree with Robert that our collections and our gardens are different beasts. I am on a mission this year to get my garden back into shape after several years of neglect. It is a challenging task, but an enjoyable one. I have ordered some old roses (which I mix into my cottage garden area or my shrub border) and many new bulbs. In fall I always add new daffodils to the hillside where I live. On a previous property, I once crawled under the chaparral and planted some near a seasonal spring. That did make sense at the time, as both I and my daughters had a secret sitting place where they could be viewed when in bloom. (I no longer crawl under chaparral, but sometimes miss the days I could!) I've always wondered what future owners thought when they found them. I would like to hear more about which bulbs can be moved outside in my 'colder than normal California' zone. As I repot my rainlilies this year, I am putting a few out into my raised bed, starting with Habranthus. Those that have gone out in previous years have done well and always show surprise blooms when in Aug-Sept. when everything else is becoming dry and sere. Most bulbs (and many other plants) get planted into gopher baskets, as that is a big problem on uncleared land, which surrounds my living area. Other bulbs have been chancy. Lycoris radiata has divided into smaller plants, did not bloom last year or the squirrels ate the blooms before I saw them. They are now in cages to protect from both gophers and squirrels. The need to put wire around plants makes them less attractive, although if I have to put wire above the soil, I use the green coated stuff. That helps, at least from a distance. Ipheon is a lovely little bulb that gets spread around the garden areas. Either I do it when I plant annuals nearby, or the gophers carry them away and spit them out somewhere else. They are a sweet little surprise when they bloom in an unexpected place. Irises are also favorites. I have planted many bearded Irises over the years and love their scent and colors. The squirrels have really abused them the past three seasons, but I see (or rather hear) signs that coyotes are back and doing their job with those nasty garden-eaters! I was really surprised to find one eating an Iris bud after the fire three years ago; there was no food for them in their normal dining areas. They had never messed with the Irises before that. One question I have always had is whether to plant them with the rhizome showing above the soil line or not. I have read both pieces of advice in reputable sources. I have tried both ways and can't really determine a difference. I love the miniature Iris reticulata and all of its cultivars. I see one is available at Brent and Becky's Bulbs called 'Marguerite.' It is definitely on my next order list. And Calochortus is another favorite. I don't try to plant it in the garden much, although I am starting a dry-sandy bed for Penstemons and may get a few in there. C. concolor and C. splendens grow as natives all along my access road. Spring can be lovely here when the wildflowers bloom. We actually have had 7 inches of rain so far this season. After a many-year drought, this may be a sign of a good wildflower year. I am definitely hoping so! Marguerite Marguerite English: Gardening with Penstemons, Salvias, Xeric plants, Dianthus, Narcissus, Roses, and Irises at 3500 feet in zone 7B, mountains of Southern California. I collect and grow tender plants and bulbs, especially Epiphyllum, Babiana, Lachenalia, Morea and Zephyranthes in a covered patio room. _______________________________________________ pbs mailing list firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/list.php http://pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/ --------------------------------- Looking for last minute shopping deals? Find them fast with Yahoo! Search.