TOW- Paris, Daiswa and Kinugasa
Sun, 16 May 2004 02:37:43 PDT
Paris, Daiswa and Kinugasa
Recent publications have split Paris into Paris, Daiswa and Kinugasa. For 
simplicity (and habit) I will refer to all of the non-trillium Trilliaceae as 

Paris are perennial herbs arising from a rhizome that may be thin or 
tuberous.  Atop a simple stem sits a solitary whorl of from 4 to 22+ leaves.  
Solitary, bisexual flowers sit atop a simple flower stalk The green or red ovary may 
have one chamber or 4+. One chambered plants are also called Daiswa. The style 
base may be purplish, red, white or yellow.  Seeds may or may not have an aril 
and can be red, white or brown.  Tepals are arranged in 2 whorls of 3-8:  
outer ones are green, rarely white; inner ones may be absent and can be green, 
purplish or yellow-green.  Stamens are arranged in 2-3 whorls, filaments are 
flat and narrow, free portion of the connective may be relatively long, short, or 
Paris are native to Eurasian temperate, deciduous woodlands. They prefer 
mildly acid to acidic, moisture retentive, rich, light, well drained woodsy soils 
with deciduous leaf mulch in the fall.  They may go dormant in the late summer 
and resent transplanting.  Best in USDA zones 5-8, impossible in tropical 
Florida, very difficult in Southern California or the desert Southwest.

Susan Farmer’s searchable DELTA dataset may be found at:…
Taxon list and links:…
A key to the 20+ Chinese species may be found at the online Flora of China at:…
Trillium-L listserv at:…


Mark Mazer
Intarsia Ltd.
Gaylordsville, Connecticut 06755-0142
USDA Zone 5
Giant Schnauzer Rescue

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