So I decided to do a search on NAPPRA lists and USDA and what I found was far less disturbing than what I thought it might be. If I am reading it correctly, first thing is that plants can be imported if they are not on the NAPPRA lists (or already existing prohibited lists) so I was mistaken in assuming it was a white list of what could be imported. There is no white list which is good. In fact there are two NAPPRA lists, one for plants deemed potential threats themselves (as invasives) and another list of plants that may be hosts to specific pathogens or insects. In almost all cases on the second list seed is allowed to be imported but not the plant. I also noted that the lists were short, as were the proposed lists they might add to the existing two lists. What I saw was not huge change from past practice, it merely seems that the USDA is creating a fairly short list of possible problematic plants and that each plant listed will be reviewed if petitioned and either maintained on its NAPPRA list or taken off. So long as the USDA is reasonable in its assumptions about which taxa may cause problems and the NAPPRA lists dont become too long I don't see the lists as particularly problematic for plant and seed importations. Its probably going to be more of a headache for the inspectors to determine which taxa are excluded when they come in. It could be hel pful for importers to be aware of what might be a problem so they can avoid bringing it in. I did not note much in the way of geophytes on the lists either. So I take back my statement of concern about this unless I am wrong in my interpretation of what I read just now. Ernie DeMarie In NY where we are getting pretty warm, going towards 90, but the plants are looking fine and reasonably cool nights and cooler weather next week will keep them in good shape. Carefully watching some alliums coming into flower, I have to wait to see if they are the expected A. flavum varieties grown from seed or just regular onion grass, they are pretty much indistinguishable until they bloom. If the latter they are easily dispatched with a hori knife (no gardener should be without this amazing tool) and thrown in the garbage rather than compost pile since they survive almost everything except crushing or incineration. Kniphofia northiae is the first knip to bloom in my garden, they are coloring up right now.