Kevin I speak for the Italian species, P.maritimun and P.illyricum. They come from two different habitats, as you know. The illyricum grows inland (mainly in Sardinia and western Mediterranean) in rocky soils, sparse woodlands area and gariga. This environment is quite dry and very hot in summer. It flowers in April and goes dormant around now and it follows the classim Mediterranean growth pattern. The maritimum grows along all the sandy beaches in south of Italy. This is evergreen-deciduous according on the water available, being a quite opportunistic plant. As they are deeply embedded in the sand (even 50cm), they have a more costant level of moisture to the roots and usually they go dormant in August, for a shor time, especially if an occasional (blessed!) summer rainfall occours. Also flowering hasn't a well defined time, but can occour from late June to September and indeed the biggest bulbs send two scapes in different times. I have found many times plants with a stalk with ripening pods and a new emerging one, meaning a delay of a month or so. I would say to all that, although the P.maritimum grows in pure sand, they can be grown in normal garden soils and indeed mine grow even better, flowering and setting seeds profusely. Also, if you keep them watered all summer, they will stay evergreen, especially the seedlings. If instead water in summer is a problem (for me it is !) then forget about them. Angelo > >I have questions regarding dornacy of Pancratium bulbs. > >I am growing the following species: >P. canariensis, P. foetidum, P. illyricium, P. maritimum, P. parviflorum, P. sp. from Jordan, P. zeylanicum #1 & zeylanicum #2 (different species) and would appreciate any advice in growing these. > >Right now P. foetidum and P. illyricium seem like they want to go dormant in the summer heat and humidity. P. canariensis and P. martimum seem unsure, Both P. zeylanicum acc.'s, although not the same species even though labled such...,are in full growth and one will bloom soon. Do some of these (which ones?) typically grow on a mediterranean cycle? Are any truely evergreen? > >Thanks for any input!