Allium Species Four

Miscellaneous Allium species from S to Z are listed on this page. Other species are found on other Allium subpages listed below in blue. For a complete alphabetical listing of alliums described and/or pictured on this wiki consult the table in the main Allium page.


Allium index - Allium flavum Relatives - Allium hybrids - American alliums A-B - American alliums C - American alliums D-F - American alliums G-H - American alliums I-M - American alliums N-R - American alliums S-Z - Big Ball alliums - Blue alliums - chives - Domed alliums - Drumstick alliums - Miscellaneous alliums A-E - Miscellaneous alliums F-M - Miscellaneous alliums N-R - Rhizomatous alliums


Allium sativum, is cultivated garlic. Due to a long history of cultivation and selection its origin is unknown; it may have first appeared in Asia as a descendent of Allium longicuspis. Photos Janos Agoston.

Allium sativum, Janos AgostonAllium sativum, Janos Agoston

Allium schmitzii is endemic to Portugal, growing on river banks and in rock crevices. Closely related to chives, or A. schoenoprasum (see above), with similar narrow hollow leaves. The upright, rather open umbels of starry pale pink flowers are unlike the dense, oblong bloom heads of chives, distinguishing itself from that species. Photo by John Lonsdale.

Allium schmitzii, John Lonsdale

Allium scorzonerifolium ssp. xericiense is a superior subspecies which is a showy non-bulbiliferous form. The type species, A. scorzonerifolium, has bulbils in the inflorescence and only a few bright yellow flowers. The subspecies is not as hardy as the species however. Photo by Jane McGary.

Allium scorzonerifolium spp. xericiense, Jane McGary

Allium siculum (syn. Nectaroscordum siculum) is often confused with a very similar species A. bulgaricum. In cultivation it is reported that whatever distinction these two species have, they integrate readily, and most bulbs or plants offered for sale are hybrids between the two. At any rate, these are intriguing, easy-to-grow plants, well worth cultivating. The large, waxy, bell-shaped flowers are produced in May to early June atop 3' (1 meter) stems, the florets suspended on long drooping pedicels, adding to the charm of the quaintly hued blooms. Here are 3 views of this unusual plant. Notice in the 3rd photo, that the foliage is instantly recognizable, being triangular in cross-section and strongly twisting along the length of the ascending leaves, as if sculpted of wrought iron. Photos by Mark McDonough.

Allium siculum, Mark McDonoughAllium siculum, Mark McDonoughAllium siculum, Mark McDonough

Allium siculum ssp. disoscoridis (syn. Nectaroscordum meliophilum) from the Saint Petersburg Botanic Garden, said to have originally been from Crimea. The outside of the tepals are dark brownish-olive-rose color with white flared tips, eventually opening into lovely white bells softly tinged olive and dull rose on the outside. Some flowers have 7-8 tepals instead of the normal 6. It is 24" (60 cm) tall in bloom. The first three photos were taken by Mark McDonough, taken May 25, 2003 showing order of flower development. The last two photos were taken by Alessandro Marinello.

Allium siculum ssp. disoscoridis, Mark McDonoughAllium siculum ssp. disoscoridis, Mark McDonoughAllium siculum ssp. disoscoridis, Mark McDonoughAllium siculum ssp. disoscoridis, Alessandro MarinelloAllium siculum ssp. disoscoridis, Alessandro Marinello

Allium subhirsutum is a Mediterranean species. It has finely ciliate (hairy) leaves, from which it gets its specific name. Photo 1 was taken from habitat by Angelo Porcelli. Photos 2-3 were taken by Nhu Nguyen at the UC Botanical Garden.

Allium subhirsutum, Angelo PorcelliAllium subhirsutum, UC Botanical Garden, Nhu NguyenAllium subhirsutum, UC Botanical Garden, Nhu Nguyen

Allium subvillosum is a Mediterranean species flowering from March to May and growing on sandy beaches and fields from Greece to Portugal and North Africa. It is a tall species with many white flowers in a wide umbel. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner and Bob Rutemoeller.

Allium subvillosum, Mary Sue IttnerAllium subvillosum, Bob Rutemoeller

Allium thunbergii from Japan and Korea is a small species with fibrous roots and rose-purple flowers with elongated stamens. It blooms in fall.

Allium thunbergii 'Ozawa' is a selection by George Schenk. Photos by John Lonsdale.

Allium thunbergii 'Ozawa', John LonsdaleAllium thunbergii 'Ozawa', John Lonsdale

Allium trachyscordum is a central Asian species 20-40 cm, growing in dry, hot steppes, blooming in June. The photo was taken by Oron Peri in Koksai Gorge, Kazakhstan-Kirgistan border.

Allium trachyscordum, Oron Peri

Allium tripedale (syn. Nectaroscordum tripedale) is native to the Caucasus and is a relative to Allium siculum and Allium bulgaricum although its taxonomic status is not quite as jumbled as the other two. The flowers are bell-shaped, 3/4" (2 cm) wide, and each inflorescence can hold up to 30 flowers. This species blooms in spring to summer with the inflorescence extending up to 3 feet (90 cm). It makes very few to no offsets so growing from seeds is the best chance to multiply your plants. It takes about 6 years to flower from seeds. Grow it in in a well-drained mix in a pot but it will probably do better in the ground with good drainage and sun to part shade. It is said to hardy up to USDA Zone 5. Photos were taken by Kathleen Sayce of her plants bought from Odyssey Bulbs.

Allium tripedale, Kathleen SayceAllium tripedale, Kathleen Sayce

Allium triquetrum is easily recognized by the triangular flowering stems and white flowers with a green stripe on the back of the tepals. It is a species from Europe that has become a weed in parts of California, Australia, and New Zealand and has naturalized in Britain. It prefers shade. Photo 1 from Mary Sue Ittner was taken at Manchester State Beach in Mendocino County, California where it has naturalized near an abandoned house. Photo 2 from Bob Rutemoeller is another naturalized population in Mendocino County. Photos 3-4 were taken by Nhu Nguyen in the Bay Area. Photo 4 shows it taking over a neglected yard. Photo 5 from Bob Rutemoeller shows a population on the Cornwall coast in the United Kingdom. Gardeners should beware of this invasive species. It is not recommended for anyone to grow this in a Mediterranean climate away from its native home in Europe.

Allium triquetrum, Mendocino Coast, Mary Sue IttnerAllium triquetrum, Mendocino Coast, Bob RutemoellerAllium triquetrum, Nhu NguyenAllium triquetrum, Nhu NguyenAllium triquetrum, Cornwall, Bob Rutemoeller

Allium ursinum is found in damp woods in Europe where it blooms in spring and when it grows in large numbers, which it often does, there is a powerful onion smell when you pass it. It has dark green large leaves and white star shaped glistening flowers. It is commonly known as wild garlic, ramsons (from ancient English hramsa), buckrams, wood garlic, bear leek or bear garlic. The latin name derives from the bulbs being eaten by bears. All parts of the plant are edible but it is often mistaken for the poisonous Convallaria majalis (lily-of-the-valley). The first picture was taken by Bob Rutemoeller in May 2004 in Cornwall. It was growing in front of a wall all along the road. The second picture taken in Aberfeldy, Scotland in May 2004 by Bob Rutemoeller shows it growing along a trail we were hiking on. There was a definite odor of onions in the air.

Allium ursinum, Bob RutemoellerAllium ursinum, Bob Rutemoeller

In photographs by David Pilling, the first shows commercially supplied bulbs on a 10 mm grid; photos 2-4 show the resulting shoots emerging in early February, leaves, then flower bud mid March. Photo 5 highlights the flowers have the classic Allium design. Illustration from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen, Johann Georg Sturm, 1796 (bären-lauch == bear leek).

Allium ursinum bulbs, 24th September 2013, David PillingAllium ursinum shoots, 1st February 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum leaves, 3rd March 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum bud, 12th March 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum flowers, 14th April 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum from Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen, Johann Georg Sturm

Photographs of seed.

Allium ursinum ripening seed, 30th May 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum ripe seed, 9th June 2014, David PillingAllium ursinum ripe seed, 9th June 2014, David Pilling

Allium victorialis is a species that fools a lot of people as it has the broad lily-of-the-valley-like (Convallaria) foliage. This is a species found throughout much of the northern hemisphere, from Alaska through Asia, China, and Europe. It can be very variable as one might expect from its distribution and is a great onion for moist soils in shade, including deep shade. It is well behaved and doesn't seed around much (or at all in my garden). In June, heads of creamy white flowers appear, followed in July by open seed capsules holding round, shiny black seeds. Photos by Mark McDonough.

Allium victorialis, Mark McDonoughAllium victorialis, Mark McDonough

Allium wallichii is a widespread species from Pakistan to S. China. The photo below was taken by Nhu Nguyen at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Allium wallichii at RBGE, Nhu Nguyen

Allium zebdanense is a great species that is unparalleled for the dry shady garden, although it will grow in sun too. From the Middle Eastern region, in Lebanon and Syria, it is perfectly hardy and grows slowly into dense grassy carex-like clumps that are attractive in their own right and flowers in May. Below are 5 different views of the species at various sequenced stages of growth from Mark McDonough. The first three were taken in Marsha Russell's rock garden and the last two in the woodland area of his yard.

Allium zebdanense, Mark McDonoughAllium zebdanense, Mark McDonoughAllium zebdanense, Mark McDonoughAllium zebdanense, Mark McDonoughAllium zebdanense, Mark McDonough

Allium index - Allium flavum Relatives - Allium hybrids - American alliums A-B - American alliums C - American alliums D-F - American alliums G-H - American alliums I-M - American alliums N-R - American alliums S-Z - Big Ball alliums - Blue alliums - chives - Domed alliums - Drumstick alliums - Miscellaneous alliums A-E - Miscellaneous alliums F-M - Miscellaneous alliums N-R - Rhizomatous alliums


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Page last modified on June 16, 2014, at 05:20 PM