Allium Species A-E

Miscellaneous Allium species from A to E are listed on this page. Other species are found on other Allium subpages listed below in blue. For a complete alphabetical listing of Alliums described and/or pictured on this wiki consult the table in the main Allium page.


Allium alexeianum is found in the Pamir mountains in Central Asia. Photograph by Rimmer de Vries.

Allium alexeianum, 24th April 2014, Rimmer de Vries


Allium ampeloprasum is the species known as the common leek. It is native to Europe and Asia, though it has been used by humans for centuries as a food and it is not known if its distribution was extended as a result. Photo by Wietse Mellema.

Allium ampeloprasum, Wietse Mellema

Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum is what we call Elephant garlic. It forms large thickened scales that are similar to true garlic (Allium sativum), but it is much milder in flavor. It is occasionally grown as an ornamental, reaching heights of up to five feet tall. The leaves grow through the winter and begin to die by the time the umbels, up to 4" across, are in bloom. The flowers are a dull purple, somewhat urn-shaped and constricted at the mouth. The flowers bloom for a very long time, new ones appearing through the center of the ball. Small bees, wasps, and even hummingbirds have been known to take advantage of the large inflorescences. Photos from Travis Owen.

Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum, Travis OwenAllium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum with small bee, Travis Owen

Photo below shows the seed head:

Allium ampeloprasum var ampeloprasum seed pods, Travis Owen

Allium ascalonicum syn. Allium hierochuntinum is the only blue flowering Allium in the eastern Mediterranean. This small, slender species grows in the deserts of Syria south to Egypt and Saudi Arabia, flowering in March. Photo was taken in north east Jordan by Oron Peri.

Allium ascalonicum, Oron Peri


Allium atroviolaceum is a tall species with a 4" (10 cm+) nice drumstick head. It grows in the Eastern Mediterranean region with its western limit in Apulia which is the only occurrence in Italy. At the time of flowering, the leaves have already dried and disappeared. It is listed as vulnerable in the Regional Red List. Photo in habitat by Angelo Porcelli.

Allium atroviolaceum, Angelo Porcelli


Allium barsczeweskii is a small, yet showy species, widespread in Central Asia, growing in open grassy habitats, usually solitary, occasionally forming small clumps. Blooming in June. The photos are were taken in Kazakhstan by Oron Peri.

Allium barsczeweskii, Oron Peri


Allium basalticum is a newly described species from Syria. This robust species is 40-80 cm, belonging to the Allium nigrum group. It grows in open fields on vulcanic soils, blooming in March-April. Photos were taken in the Golan Heights, Syria by Oron Peri

Allium basalticum, Oron PeriAllium basalticum, Oron Peri


Allium bulgaricum (syn. Nectaroscordum bulgaricum, Nectaroscordum siculum ssp. bulgaricum) is often confused with Allium siculum. It is native to the Mediterranean and adjacent areas. The Dutch bulb industry made popular this plant, which has drooping, bell-shaped flowers. Allium siculum and Allium bulgaricum are a taxonomic nightmare where some authors placed them in the same species and other separate them. More recent DNA evidence suggest that they perhaps are two different species. The plant enjoys full sun and good watering while growing. It is a late winter/spring grower in Berkeley, CA and flowers late May-June in early summer.


Allium callimischon ssp. callimischon is an allium from the Peloponnese with white unspotted flowers with a reddish-brown vein. Although the flower stalk is formed in spring, the leaves shrivel in summer and it is not until fall that flowers appear from what looks like a dead stalk. The first photo is by John Lonsdale. The second photo by Jane McGary shows it flowering in late October on the Mani Peninsula, Peloponnese, Greece. Photos three and four by Rimmer de Vries. The last of these shows ssp. callimischon in the foreground and ssp. haemostictum in the background.

Allium callimischon ssp. callimischon, John LonsdaleAllium callimischon ssp. callimischon, Jane McGaryAllium callimischon ssp. callimischon, Rimmer de VriesAllium callimischon ssp. callimischon, Rimmer de Vries

Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum has 'blood spots' on the flowers as its name suggests. Photos by Rimmer de Vries. He comments that "it is green in the cool wet season October to June and brown and dry in the hot season and blooms on the dead looking brown stalks in Fall; this habit is for both sub-species. There are other dry and cool season alliums with this habit such as Allium arlgirdense. It took 4 years to get the clump in photo 4 above to size, planted in a 5 inch x 6 inch deep clay pot plunged in sand and kept dry July to September".

Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum, Rimmer de VriesAllium callimischon ssp. haemostictum, Rimmer de VriesAllium callimischon ssp. haemostictum, Rimmer de VriesAllium callimischon ssp. haemostictum, Rimmer de VriesAllium callimischon ssp. haemostictum, Rimmer de Vries


Allium cardiostemon has black currant purple flowers in summer and is native to Iran and the Caucasus. It needs a dry summer rest. Photo by John Lonsdale.

Allium cardiostemon, John Lonsdale


Allium carmeli is a species native to Israel. Photos by Gideon Pisanty.

Allium carmeli, Gideon PisantyAllium caemeli, Gideon Pisanty


Allium cepa is the cultivated onion. Typically grown as a biennial, it is a perennial plant normally planted in the Autumn for harvest the following Spring or Summer without being allowed to flower. They aren't the best garden plants as the large hollow stems are easily bent and will not tolerate much in the way of wind or disturbance. The dense flower heads, normally between 2" to 3" across, are attractive to bees who collect the nectar and occasionally the pollen. Allium cepa var. aggregatum, also known as the shallot, is seen in the photo below by Travis Owen.

Shallots, Allium cepa var. aggregatum, Travis Owen


Allium chamaemoly is a winter flowering species found in numerous Mediterranean areas including North Africa. Photo by Angelo Porcelli.

Allium chamaemoly, Angelo Porcelli


Allium cyathophorum Bureau & Franchet is a Chinese species that reportedly grows in meadows and slopes in rock crevices at elevations of 2700–4600m. Two varieties are widely accepted: var. cyathophorum and var. farreri.


Allium cyathophorum var. cyathophorum has petals that are rounded at the apex compared with the acute or pointed petals in var. farreri, there is also a small difference in the shape of the filaments. Grows at a higher elevation, typically around 3000-4600 m.


Allium cyathophorum var. farreri (Stearn) Stearn (syn. Allium farreri Stearn) is native to China where it grows on grassy slopes at high elevations of around 2700-3600 m. It has reddish purple flowers with stamens fused in a tube. It appreciates moist conditions in summer and tolerates shade. It flowers late spring to summer. First photo by John Lonsdale. Following two photos of first year flowers by RH grown in pots in the UK, initially obtained as Alium sibthorpianum from AGS seed. Last photo by Travis Owen shows the root mass. The roots are present year-round and should not be allowed to dry out.

Allium cyathophorum var. farreri, John LonsdaleAllum cyathophorum var. farreri, RHAllum cyathophorum var. farreri, RHAllum cyathophorum var. farreri roots, Travis Owen

Photos by David Pilling taken at the start of June 2013; this plant was grown from seed supplied as Alium sibthorpianum and sown at the start of 2009; it has been flowering for a couple of years.

Allium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David Pilling

Disassembling the flowers: these photographs were taken a few days later than the ones above and it is apparent the flowers are now more red. Photo 4 shows a ripe seed pod with seed visible. Photo 6 is of the roots after the plant had gone dormant at the end of the year. Flora of China says of the type species "Roots rather long, thick. Bulb solitary or clustered, cylindric; tunic grayish brown, fibrous, sometimes subreticulate." and provides an illustration.

Allium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri seed 28th July 2013, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri seed, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri roots 29th October 2013, David Pilling

Seeds were put in a zip-seal bag with damp kitchen towel on 14th December 2013 and exposed to outside temperatures (around 40 °F); by the middle of January 2014 they had begun to germinate as shown in photo 1. Photo 2 is of the shoots of mature plants.

Allium cyathophorum var. farreri seeds 20th January 2014, David PillingAllium cyathophorum var. farreri shoots 26th January 2014, David Pilling


Allium daninianum is a species from Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan. Photo by Gideon Pisanty.

Allium daninianum, Gideon Pisanty


Allium desertorum is a species native to Israel. Photo by Gideon Pisanty.

Allium desertorum, Gideon Pisanty


Allium dictyoprasum is a tall, small flowered species from Israel. Photos by Gideon Pisanty.

Allium dictyoprasum up close, Gideon PisantyAllium dictyoprasum, Gideon Pisanty


Allium index - Allium flavum Relatives - American alliums A-B - American alliums C - American alliums D-F - American alliums G-H - American alliums I-M - American alliums N-R - American alliums S-Z - Big Ball alliums - Blue alliums - chives - Domed alliums - Drumstick alliums - Miscellaneous alliums F-M - Miscellaneous alliums N-R - Miscellaneous alliums S-Z - Rhizomatous alliums


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Page last modified on July 13, 2018, at 06:04 AM