Cyclamen species from A to F are found on this page.
Cyclamen africanum Boiss. & Reut. is very similar to Cyclamen hederifolium in appearance, but is one of the least hardy species, whereas C. hederifolium is one of the most hardy. It is from North Africa. It blooms in the fall sometimes with leaves and sometimes not. This species has pale pink to deep pink flowers with auricles and the flowers arise erect from the tuber. Each petal has a basal purple or crimson magenta V-shaped blotch. Tubers are depressed-globose, often hollowed above, to 14 cm (5.5 in) and when mature rough and corky or flaky. Roots form all over the surface. It requires a dry summer dormancy, with watering commencing in late summer to fall and continuing through the growing season, and protection from the frost. The first two photos are from John Lonsdale and the next three from Mary Sue Ittner including the tuber on a 1 cm grid.
Leaves are heart shaped to oval, leathery and bright green, sometimes grey green, with a finely to coarsely toothed margin, becoming up to 15 cm long and wide and arise directly from the tuber. Leaf patterns are variable with pale or dark marbling or a grey hastate pattern. Photos from Mary Sue Ittner.
Cyclamen balearicum Willk. is a species in the repandum complex from the Balearic Islands and France where it grows in shaded or semi-shaded places, in pinewoods and scrub land. It blooms in spring and has small white fragrant flowers with pale pink veins and leaves that are less lobed than Cyclamen repandum, with a more grey and marbled pattern. Some of the leaves are silvery grey or silver. Tubers are depressed-globose, up to 3 cm (1.2 in) with a smooth surface and thin greyish brown skin and root from the center of the base of the tuber. The first photo was taken by Photos John Lonsdale and the rest by Hans Joschko.
Photos below are from Mary Sue Ittner including the tuber on a 1 cm grid.
Cyclamen cilicium Boiss. & Heldr. is a relatively hardy species in the cilicium group that flowers in autumn, appearing with young or semi mature leaves. Most of the flowers are pink with a magenta blotch at the base of the petals and are without auricles. The petals twist slightly. It is easy to grow and flowers prolifically. Tubers are small and depressed-globose (up to 5.2 cm, 2 in, often smaller), smooth and velvety at maturity and root from under the base. It is endemic to southern Turkey where it grows in the shade and may receive some moisture while dormant during the long, hot summers. Photos by John Lonsdale and Mary Sue Ittner.
Leaves are longer than wide, heart shaped with a narrow sinus at the base and margins that can be shallowly toothed. Variations in color are deep green with an irregular hastate grey, grey-green or white pattern, or pale green suffused with purple beneath. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner and John Lonsdale.
There is a pure white form (labeled forma album or 'Album'). Although rare in the wild, the white flowers come true from seed although the leaf patterns are variable. Photos from John Lonsdale.
Cyclamen colchicum (Albov) Correvon is found in a limited region of the Caucasus Mountains in woodland on dolomitic limestone. It was once thought to be a subspecies of Cyclamen purpurascens, but it has thicker and more leathery leaves with veins sunk into the leaf surface and a finely toothed horny margin which gives it a beaded effect. It has carmine-pink flowers which appear from July to October with the leaves. They are smaller and more rounded towards the mouth. Tubers are irregular, nobby when mature and root unevenly over the sides and base. Photos by Hans Joschko and John Lonsdale.
Cyclamen coum is one of the hardier species and one of the easiest to grow. It flowers in early winter or spring and is from the mountains of Bulgaria, Turkey and Lebanon, usually in shaded places. Leaf color can be shiny green or silvery or have silvery-green zones as in the leaves pictured below. They can be grown from seeds. Jim Shields sows the seeds in late fall using various germination regimes but found that the seeds all germinated at the same time, regardless of planting time or seed treatments. See Cyclamen Compared for comparison with Cyclamen hederifolium.
Four photos by Mary Sue Ittner. The second picture shows a plant that bloomed in October without turning down and the third a plant growing in the ground and blooming more normally in January. The fourth shows a tuber on a 1 cm grid. The last photo by David Pilling.
Cyclamen coum ssp. coum has kidney-shaped to rounded leaves with untoothed or slightly toothed margins. Flowers are small with white eyes at the base of the petals. Photo by John Lonsdale
Cyclamen coum ssp. coum forma albissimum has pure white flowers without any markings. 'Golan Heights' , collected in Israel, has plain, unmarked leaves. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner.
Cyclamen coum ssp elegans syn. Cyclamen elegans was suggested to be a species in its own right, but on The Cyclamen Society’s web page is now considered to be a subspecies of Cyclamen coum. It has heart-shaped leaves that are marbled above usually with a hastate pattern. Both the leaves and the larger flowers are much more pointed than other subspecies of Cyclamen coum. The flowers are mid pink with a darker pink blotch. It is from Northern Iran where it grows in forests at low elevations. It is rare in cultivation and probably less hardy. Photo by John Lonsdale.
Cyclamen coum 'Yayladagi' received as seed from a fellow Cyclamen grower. Yayladagi is a little town on the border of Turkey and Syria. Photo by Arnold Trachtenberg
Cyclamen creticum (Dörfl.) Hildebr. is a native of Crete where it is found in open rocky places or under bushes at elevations from 0 to 1250 m (0 to 500 ft). Heart-shaped leaves are toothed and dark green splashed with silvery markings and flowers, appearing with the mature leaves, are usually white or occasionally pale pink and fragrant, twisted, without auricles at the base. Tubers are depressed globose to 4 cm (1.6 in), smooth with thin grey brown skin and root from the center of the base. This species is tender and blooms in the spring. The first four photos were taken by Mary Sue Ittner including a tuber laid on a 1 cm grid. The tuber doesn't have many roots, but looks like it roots on the side instead of the base. The last photo of leaves was taken by John Lonsdale.
Cyclamen creticum forma pallide-roseum is the name used for pink-flowered forms of this species. Photo by John Lonsdale
Cyclamen cyprium Kotschy is an autumn flowering species with white fragrant flowers from Cyprus where it grows mostly in mountain woodland. Tubers are subglobose to 10 cm (4 in) with rough greyish skin when mature and root from the base, nearly always on one side. The leaves are lobed and olive green marked or splashed with grey, green or pewter. The thin small flowers are auricled with a purple or magenta M-shaped mark at the base of each petal. The pedicels coil from the top down as the fruits develop. The first photo is from Mark Smyth, the second from Arnold Trachtenberg, the third from John Lonsdale and the rest from Mary Sue Ittner.