Legacy Bulbs

On a series of wiki pages Kathleen Sayce reviews bulbs that outlast their gardeners, with some hints as to why. Suggestions came from PBS list members, review of world weed lists, USDA PLANTS National Database, Flora of North America, and some university databases. Because of these resources most of the information below is a listing of plants that outlast in North America. This is a partial list; formal recognition of persistence/naturalization/weediness comes slowly, typically through collection of plants by botanists, who send specimens to herbaria, and crop growers dealing with persistent weeds. Thus any list lags reality. Expect many more geophytes to have become legacy bulbs than are listed. And expect that when a bulb is documented as naturalized in one area, it may already be so in other areas as well. Many that have persisted in California have the same tendency in New Zealand, Australia, and other Mediterranean areas. With worldwide warming of growing zones, any such list is a work in progress. In addition plants that persist in one part of the world may be impossible to grow in some locations. Feel free to add bulbs that should be on this list from your experience, documenting where they persist or other comments.

There are degrees of plant behavior, beginning with establishment, the ability to persist in place, expansion via seeds or bulbs in the garden (naturalization in the gardener’s sense), then throughout cultivated or urban areas, spread to natural areas, and finally, an outward expansion that moves a bulb first into the naturalized (in the botanical sense) category, and then into the thug category. Caution balances desire. Much as gardeners who plant bulbs want to grow exotic geophytes, no one wants to be remembered for planting thugs. The desired balance is somewhere between those bulbs that fail to establish or persist, and those that become outright pests.

If there are pictures on the PBS wiki of these plants, they will be added over time. Species listed on the legacy bulb pages can be found alphabetically by clicking on the links below or by clicking on the species listed in the table.

Albuca through Amaryllis - - Anemone through Chionodoxa - Colchicum through Erythronium - Freesia through Hyacinthus - Ipheion through Iris - Ixia through Lycoris - Merendera through Nerine - Ornithogalum through Sternbergia - Trillium through Zephyranthes

Legacy Bulbs
Albuca bracteata Allium ampeloprasum Allium bulgaricum Allium caeruleum
Allium carinatum Allium cepa Allium cernuum Allium fistulosum
Allium moly Allium neapolitanum Allium nigrum Allium oleraceum
Allium paradoxum Allium porrum Allium sativum Allium schoenoprasum
Allium senescens Allium sphaerocephalon Allium triquetrum Allium tuberosum
Allium vineale Amaryllis belladonna Anemone blanda Anemone nemorosa
Anemone ranunculoides Anthericum liliago Arisaema triphyllum Arum italicum
Arum maculatum Arum palaestinum Belamcanda chinensis Bulbocodium vernum
Calydorea coelestina Camassia leichtlinii Camassia quamash Camassia scilloides
Canna indica Cardiocrinum cordatum Cardiocrinum giganteum Chasmanthe bicolor
Chasmanthe floribunda Chionodoxa sardensis Colchicum autumnale Colchicum bulbocodium
Colchicum vernum Colchicum trigynum Convallaria majalis Cooperia pedunculata
Crinum asiaticum Crinum bulbispermum Crinum × powellii Crinum zeylanicum
Crocus angustifolius Crocus chrysanthus Crocus flavus Crocus imperati
Crocus kotschyanus Crocus pulchellus Crocus sieberi Crocus speciosus
Crocus tommasinianus Crocus vernus Crocus zonatus Cyclamen cilicium
Cyclamen hederifolium Cyclamen persicum Cyclamen purpurascens Cyclamen repandum
Cypripedium guttatum Eranthis hyemalis Erythronium dens-canis Freesia alba
Fritillaria imperialis Fritillaria meleagris Galanthus elwesii Galanthus nivalis
Galanthus plicatus Galanthus reginae-olgae Hemerocallis citrina Hemerocallis dumortieri
Hemerocallis fulva Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus Hemerocallis middendorfii Hemerocallis minor
Hermodactylus tuberosa Hesperantha coccinea Hippeastrum × johnsonii Hippeastrum puniceum
Hippeastrum reginae Hippeastrum striatum Hippeastrum vittatum Homeria collina
Hyacinthoides hispanica Hyacinthoides italica Hyacinthoides × massartiana Hyacinthoides non-scripta
Hyacinthus orientalis Ipheion uniflorum Iris × albicans Iris aphylla
Iris 'Caprice' Iris 'Crimson King' Iris domestica Iris ensata
Iris × flavescens Iris foetidissima Iris germanica Iris orientalis
Iris pallida Iris pseudacorus Iris pumila Iris sibirica
Iris spuria ssp. maritima Iris tectorum Iris tuberosa Iris xiphium
Ixia campanulata Ixia coelestina Ixia maculata Ixia polystachya
Kniphofia uvaria Leopoldia comosa Leucojum aestivum Leucojum vernum
Lilium bulbiferum Lilium candidum Lilium formosanum Lilium henryi
Lilium lancifolium Lilium longiflorum Lilium martagon Lilium philippinense
Lilium regale Lycoris radiata Lycoris squamigera Merendera candidissima
Merendera trigyna Moraea collina Muscari armeniacum Muscari botryoides
Muscari comosum Muscari latifolium Muscari neglectum Narcissus assoanus
Narcissus bulbocodium Narcissus x incomparabilis Narcissus jonquilla Narcissus x medioluteus
Narcissus × odorus Narcissus papyraceus Narcissus poeticus Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Narcissus tazetta Nectaroscordum siculum Nerine bowdenii Nerine sarniensis
Nerine undulata Ornithogalum caudatum Ornithogalum longibracteatum Ornithogalum nutans
Ornithogalum pyrenaicum Ornithogalum thyrsoides Ornithogalum umbellatum Oxalis convexula
Oxalis debilis Oxalis hirta Oxalis pes-caprae Oxalis purpurea
Oxalis radicosa Oxalis rubra Polygonatum multiflorum Polygonatum odoratum
Puschkinia scilloides Ranunculus ficaria Rhodophiala bifida Romulea ramiflora
Romulea rosea Salpingostylis coelestina Scilla bithynica Scilla sardensis
Scilla sibirica Sparaxis fragrans Sparaxis tricolor Sternbergia lutea
Tristagma uniflorum Tulipa bakeri Tulipa batalinii Tulipa chrysantha
Tulipa clusiana Tulipa dasystemon Tulipa gesneriana Tulipa greigii
Tulipa humilis Tulipa kaufmanniana Tulipa linifolia Tulipa praestans
Tulipa saxatilis Tulipa sylvestris Tulipa tarda Tulipa vvedenskyi
Watsonia borbonica Watsonia marginata Watsonia meriana Zantedeschia aethiopica
Zantedeschia albomaculata Zephranthes candida Zephranthes citrina Zephyranthes drummondii
Zephranthes grandiflora

Albuca through Amaryllis - - Anemone through Chionodoxa - Colchicum through Erythronium - Freesia through Hyacinthus - Ipheion through Iris - Ixia through Lycoris - Merendera through Nerine - Ornithogalum through Sternbergia - Trillium through Zephyranthes


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Page last modified on February 14, 2013, at 07:02 PM