Pyrolirion

Pyrolirion is a genus in the Amaryllidaceae family native to the Andes and coastal desert of Peru and Bolivia. DNA sequencing has found that it is a member of the Eustephieae tribe, sister to Chlidanthus, Eustephia, and Hieronymiella. Flowers have three spoon shaped stigmas. This plants can be reproduced by seeds and bulblets.


Pyrolirion albicans Herb. was named by Herbert in 1837 for a Peruvian species illustrated and described in 1725. It is the accepted name in Plants of the World Online. Mobot's Tropicos database list these accepted names for this species, Cooperia albicans (Herb.) Sprague and Zephyranthes albicans (Herb.) Baker. Further confusing the issue of what to call this plant, Ravenna renamed it Leucothauma albicans in 2009. We are choosing to list it on the wiki under Pyrolirion albicans. Photos by Alessandro Marinello.

Pyrolirion albicans, Alessandro MarinelloPyrolirion albicans, Alessandro MarinelloPyrolirion albicans, Alessandro Marinello

Pyrolirion tubiflorum (L'Hér.) M.Roem. was named by L'Heritier in 1789 and described in 1821 by Herbert. This species can be seen in six regions of Peru: Lima, Ayacucho, Cusco, Arequipa, La Libertad and Ica, always next to crops and in between inter - Andean valleys ranging from 300 m to 3000 m. The perianth of Pyrolirion tubiflorum is up to 8 cm across in the upper part, the perianth tube is 1.8 cm wide, mostly green and it has a mild scent. Photos by Norton Cuba Melly.

Pyrolirion tubiflorum in north of Lima, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion tubiflorum in apple orchard, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion tubiflorum in a cornfield, Norton Cuba Melly

Pyrolirion sp. was originally identified as a yellow form of Pyrolirion tubiflorum. This species can be found in four regions of Peru: Lima, Ica, Apurimac and Cusco. It differs from the orange P. tubiflorum by the length of the perianth, which is up to 11 cm across in the upper part, the longer stamens and the lack of scent. The perianth tube is 3 cm wide. It may be considered as Pyrolirion flavum Herb. Another species, Pyrolirion aureum Herb., is considered by Plants of the World Online to be a synonym of Pyrolirion arvense (F.Dietr.) Erhardt, Götz & Seybold a yellow flowered species from Peru. Photos by Norton Cuba Melly.

Pyrolirion sp. yellow form in south of Lima, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion sp. yellow form in apple orchard, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion sp. yellow form in the field, Norton Cuba Melly

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Page last modified on May 15, 2019, at 07:59 AM