Pyrolirion

Pyrolirion is a genus in the Amaryllidaceae family native to the Andes and coastal desert of Peru and Bolivia. DNA sequencing has found that it is a member of the Eustephieae tribe, sister to Chlidanthus, Eustephia, and Hieronymiella. Flowers have spoon shaped stigmas.


Pyrolirion albicans Herb. was named by Herbert in 1837 for a Peruvian species illustrated and described in 1725. It is the accepted name in the Kew monocot check list. Mobot's Tropicos database list these accepted names for this species, Cooperia albicans (Herb.) Sprague and Zephyranthes albicans (Herb.) Baker. Further confusing the issue of what to call this plant, Ravenna renamed it Leucothauma albicans in 2009. We are choosing to list it on the wiki under Pyrolirion albicans. Photos by Alessandro Marinello.

Pyrolirion albicans, Alessandro MarinelloPyrolirion albicans, Alessandro MarinelloPyrolirion albicans, Alessandro Marinello

Pyrolirion tubiflorum (L'Hér.) M.Roem. was named by L'Heritier in 1789 and described in 1821 by Herbert. This species can be seen in 5 regions of Peru: Lima, Ayacucho, Cusco, Apurimac and Ica, always next to crops and in between inter - Andean valleys ranging from 300 m to 3000 m. There are three forms of Pyrolirion tubiflorum: yellow, orange and red. In Lima, the predominant form in the south is the yellow flower, on the other hand, in the north, the orange flower is more common, and the red one is very rare, but they can also be seen very close to each other indistinctly. Pyrolirion tubiflorum populations have been reduced drastically throughout the years due to the expansion of monocultures in the Lima valleys and the heavy use of herbicides; nevertheless, plants reproduce by seeds and very easily by bulblets, so they are viewed as a plague by farmers. Photos by Norton Cuba Melly.

Pyrolirion tubiflorum yellow form in Lima, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion tubiflorum yellow form in the field, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion tubiflorum orange form in Lima, Norton Cuba MellyPyrolirion tubiflorum orange form in the field, Norton Cuba Melly

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Page last modified on May 03, 2018, at 07:05 PM