Tulipa

Tulipa is a genus in the Liliaceae family from Europe, western Asia to central Asia and North Africa. A book written in 2006 by Richard Wilford is a good source of information. There are about 100 species and thousands of cultivars and confusion about names as many species have been called by different species names over the years. In 2013 an article Tiptoe through the tulips describes history and uses molecular phylogenetics to assist in classification . Although very popular, it is not always easy to grow. Gardeners in warm climates find they do not have the cold temperatures required to initiate bloom and except for the first year after purchasing may only see leaves. To continue to have blooming plants, bulbs must be lifted and refrigerated for 4 to 6 weeks before planting in late fall.

Tulips are also prone to disease. Tulip fire (Botrytis tulipae) can cause eventual loss of the bulbs as it is retained in the soil and withered skins of the bulbs. Tulips are also prone to virus. There are photos and information about the different viruses that plague this genus on our wiki Virus page. A few of the same photos below by Janos Agoston show examples of this:

Tulip Breaking Virus infection on Tulipa Darwin-hybrid 'Oxford', Janos AgostonHealthy (on the right) and Tulip Breaking Virus infected Tulipa Fringed 'Lambada' (left), Janos AgostonTulip Breaking Virus in Tulipa viridiflora 'Artist', Janos AgostonTulip Breaking Virus infection, Janos AgostonTulip Band Breaking Virus (tulip with bud), Tulip Breaking virus (single leaf), Janos AgostonTulip Top Breaking Virus, as its name says, causes only break on the edge of the petals, Janos AgostonCucumber Mosaic Virus infection on Tulipa Darwin-hybrid 'Big Chief', Janos Agoston

Dwarf tulips was the topic of the week for the PBS list in February 2004. Mark McDonough supplied the Introduction.


Information and pictures of a specific species can be found by looking on the wiki Tulipa species pages or by clicking on the specific link in the table below. The hybrid page describes the divisions/groups and shows examples. Photos of named cultivars can be found on that page.


Tulipa species
Tulipa acuminata, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa acuminata
Tulipa agenensis, Oron Peri [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa agenensis
Tulipa altaica, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa altaica
Tulipa armena, syn. Tulipa karabachensis, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa armena
Tulipa aucheriana, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa aucheriana*
Tulip saxatilis 'Lilac Wonder', 2009, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa bakeri*
Tulipa batalinii, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa batalinii*
Tulipa biflora, Astrakhan Reserve, Russia, courtesy CC BY-SA 4.0 [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa biflora
Tulipa clusiana, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa clusiana
Tulipa cretica, Jane McGary [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa cretica
Tulipa cypria, Oron Peri [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa cypria
Tulipa dasystemon, David Victor [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa dasystemon
Tulipa dasystemonoides, David Victor [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa dasystemonoides*
Amana edulis, syn. Tulipa edulis, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa edulis*
Tulipa eichleri, Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa eichleri*
Tulipa ferganica, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa ferganica
Tulipa 'Madam LeFeber' or 'Red Emperor', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa fosteriana2
Tulipa greigii, David Victor [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa greigii
Tulipa heteropetala, Göteborgs Botaniska Trädgård, Ettrig [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa heteropetala
Tulipa heterophylla, David Victor [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa heterophylla
Tulipa hissarica, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa hissarica
Tulipa humilis, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa humilis
Tulipa armena, syn. Tulipa karabachensis, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa karabachensis*
Tulipa kaufmanniana, David Victor [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa kaufmanniana
Tulipa linifolia, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa linifolia
Tulipa montana, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa montana
Tulipa dasystemon, syn. Tulipa neustruevae, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa neustruevae*
Tulipa orithyioides, Jane McGary [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa orithyioides
Tulipa orphanidea, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa orphanidea
Tulipa polychroma, Mark McDonough [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa polychroma*
Tulipa praestans 'Fusilier', Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa praestans
Tulipa pulchella, Dave Brastow [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa pulchella*
Tulipa regelii, John Lonsdale [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa regelii
Tulip saxatilis ssp bakeri 'Lilac Wonder', 2009, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa saxatilis
Tulipa schrenkii, Mary Sue Ittner [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa schrenkii*
Tulipa sprengeri, Hans Joschko [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa sprengeri
Tulipa stapfii, Ian Young [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa stapfii*
Tulipa suaveolens in Ukraine, Mykyta Peregrym [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa suaveolens
Tulipa sylvestris, Hans Joschko [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa sylvestris
Tulipa systola, Gideon Pisanty [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa systola*
Tulipa tarda, Mark McDonough [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa tarda
Tulipa turkestanica, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa turkestanica
Tulipa uniflora herbarium specimen, Missouri Botanical Garden [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa uniflora
Tulipa undulatifolia var. micheliana, Smrazavi, CC BY-SA 4.0 [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa undulatifolia
Tulipa urumiensis, Arnold Trachtenberg [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa urumiensis
Tulipa vvedenskyi, Bob Rutemoeller [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa vvedenskyi
Tulipa whittallii, Jim McKenney [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
Tulipa whittallii*
*synonym
2cultivar from Group


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Page last modified on April 13, 2019, at 07:38 AM