Tulipa species A-C are found on this page.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl ex Hornem from Turkey, flowering in late spring and grown in New Jersey, photo by Arnold Trachtenberg. Second photo by Martin Bohnet, Zone 7 in southern Germany. The Plant List currently regards T. acuminata as synonym for T. gesneriana L.
Tulipa agenensis is a common, widespread species from the Eastern Mediterranean. Flowers are crimson red, with a yellow patch on the outside. Leaves variable, either undulate or erect. Growing in different habitats from sea-level to about 2000 m. Photos taken by Oron Peri in the Mediterranean coastal area in North Israel.
Tulipa agenensis subsp. sharonensis is found on coastal buffs in Israel. Photo by Gideon Pisanty.
Tulipa aucheriana has pink flowers with a yellow center and is from Iran and Syria where it is found on rocky mountain sides. It is sometimes considered a synonym of Tulipa humilis. These are grown in New Jersey, photographed by Arnold Trachtenberg.
Tulipa altaica from Central Asia has deep yellow flowers that are cup shaped with pointed tepals. Plants grown in New Jersey and photographed by Arnold Trachtenberg.
Tulipa bakeri see Tulipa saxatilis
Tulipa batalinii is a native of Soviet Central Asia where it grows on stony hillsides. It is considered by Brian Mathew to be a form of Tulipa linifolia. It is one of the best small tulips for the rock garden, available in several named forms. I like the strongly undulate leaves. Text and first photo by Mark McDonough and the second photo by John Lonsdale.
This species has returned year after year for me in Northern California. I store it dry during our long dry dormancy and then chill for 4-6 weeks before planting in December. It stands up to rain better than some since it isn't so tall. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner. The first three show it back lit and blooming April 2006. The last shows the bulbs on a 1 cm grid.
Tulipa batalinii 'Bronze Charm' is one of several lovely named forms. This one has soft yellow flowers slightly kissed with bronze-orange. Photos by Mark McDonough.
Tulipa clusiana is known as the Lady Tulip. This species is from Iran east to the western Himalaya. It is one of the only species that can naturalize in Mediterranean climates that do not have cold winters. The basic flower color is white (although there are forms of various shades of yellow) with the three outer tepals red with a pink band on the back. Inside the flower is a small purple blotch at the base of the tepals. The flowers is attractive when closed and when the sun shines the flowers open wide. This tulip grows from 13 to 30 cm. Bulbs have a tough tunic with a few hairs around the base and longer hairs at the neck, forming a thick felt that protrudes from the top of the base. The white form is not offered as often as some of the yellow forms. Photo 1 was taken by Arnold Trachtenberg, photos 2-3 by John Lonsdale photo 4 by Mary Sue Ittner and photo 5 by Hans Joschko of the cultivar 'Lady Jane'. The last photo from Mary Sue Ittner shows the bulbs on a 1 cm grid.
Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha - purchased as Tulipa chrysantha, (note: this form of Tulipa clusiana originally was sold as a yellow form of Tulipa montana) and according to some data bases does not deserve variety status. It is a nice small tulip for the rock garden. The flowers only open after an hour or more of bright light, and are truly striking when stretched wide and flat to greet the sun, the inside showing none of the red coloration evident on the outside of the flower. The first photo shows the plant at early anthesis with the strong red color on the exterior of the outer tepals. Tulipa linifolia can be seen behind the featured tulip, the buds just showing at the base. Buds and the undulate leaves of Tulipa linifolia can be seen in the upper right behind the featured tulip in the second photo. Photos 3-4 are views of Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha flowering along with the brilliant red Tulipa linifolia taken on May 10, 2003. The red backs to the bright yellow Tulipa clusiana var. chrysantha show well here. Both need a couple of hours of full sun to open. Photos 1-4 by Mark McDonough. The fifth photo was taken by Hans Joschko. The last photo from Mary Sue Ittner shows the bulbs on a 1 cm grid.
'Cynthia' was introduced in 1959 by Van Tubergen. It grows to 25 cm and has narrow, grey-green leaves. The solitary flowers are pale yellow; the outer tepals are rose-red edged with pale yellow on the outside, pale yellow within. The first photo was taken by John Lonsdale. The rest of the photos by Mary Sue Ittner are of plants received as Tulipa clusiana that are obviously a cultivar and might be this one.
Below are some of the other yellow forms often sold as Tulipa clusiana. 'Honky Tonk' has soft, pale yellow flowers with a slight pinkish staining towards the tip of the outer tepals. 'Tinka' is primrose-yellow with a cardinal-red back and dark purple pollen. 'Sheila' is similar with a darker yellow base to the tepals and yellow pollen. 'Tubergen's Gem' is a tall form that has large yellow flowers with a bold red band on the back of the outer tepals. Photos by Hans Joschko.
Tulipa cretica grown from seed purchased from Jim & Jenny Archibald. Photographed by Jane McGary in a bulb frame in Oregon, flowering in late March. This species, rare in cultivation, comes from Crete and thus is one of the more southern and western species. The photo shows the typical pinkish color.
Tulipa cypria is a rare species, endemic to Cyprus where it grows at low elevations mainly in the northern part of the island. It is closely related to Tulipa agenensis but is easily recognised by the color of the flowers which are a deep blood color, making this species the darkest of all tulips. Photos taken by Oron Peri in his collection.