Calanthe is a mostly terrestrial genus in the Orchidaceae family of about 150 species, found in Asia, Africa and Central America.
Calanthe discolor Lindl. is a woodland orchid from Japan, Korea and sout-east China. Photographs taken by Mari Kitama.
Calanthe mannii Hook. is a widespread species occurring in temperate areas from the Himalayas to Japan. It is in fact a Calanthe en miniature as everything about it is tiny - you can see the Anemone (Anemonoides) nemorosa in the background of the images by Martin Bohnet. For him, it survived about -7 °C in a mild but wet winter. From the tip emerging mid April it took only 2 weeks to flower, before the leaves were completely developed.
Calanthe tricarinata Lindl. is a widespread orchid from northern Pakistan throughout temperate Asia to Japan with bright lemon-green flowers and a ruffled, reddish-brown lip in loose panicles. It is said to be among the hardiest of the Genus.