Helianthus tuberosus

Quick Characteristics:

Height: 150-300 cm (4.9-9.8 ft)
Flower Colors: yellow
Flower Season: mid autumn to late autumn
Usage: edible storage organ tuber
Life form: deciduous tuber

Helianthus tuberosus is a tuberous species, also known as Jerusalem artichoke. The tubers can be rather large and is grown for food in Europe and some parts of North America. According to the USDA, it is present in most states except Alaska, Hawaii, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. Flowers are typical of wild Helianthus with multiple showy golden ray florets and a center of disk florets. In discussions on the PBS list, this species has been given the name 'sunchoke'. An established clump will easily produce several kilograms of extra tubers per year, which store badly but can be harvested throughout winter unless the ground is frozen solid, making this a valuable winter crop.

Pictures below by David Pilling showing the foliage and the tubers. His experience is that you may buy some tubers from the grocery store, plant them and get a reliable seven foot high clump of foliage every year, but (at least in the North West of England) you won't get any flowers. Martin Bohnet reports them to flower in mid October in southern Germany, if not stopped by early frosts. His tubers have a reddish skin, so it may be a different selection.

Helianthus tuberosus, David PillingHelianthus tuberosus, David PillingHelianthus tuberosus, David PillingHelianthus tuberosus, Martin Bohnet

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Page last modified on February 10, 2018, at 04:12 AM
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