Cyclamen Species Two

Cyclamen species G through H are found on this wiki page.


Cyclamen graecum. This interesting and charming autumn-flowering species forms an entity of its own, with several characters that are unique to the genus. The species Cyclamen graecum is grown for its autumn flowers as well as for its handsome and often striking foliage, which comes in a great range of patterning and colouring. It is native to southern Greece, the Greek Islands, southern Turkey and Cyprus and blooms from September to November and has pale to deep pink flowers with 3 magenta pencil-line streaks at the base of each petal and auricles around the mouth. The tuber is globose and corky and fleshy roots come from the center underside. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner showing flowers and leaves. The third photo was taken about a month later after it rained. Notice how the leaves have grown and are now more nicely marked illustrating how Cyclamen leaves change even in the same season (but also from season to season as the plant matures). Photos four and five are by John Lonsdale and show a plant reawakening and the roots.

Cyclamen graecum, Mary Sue IttnerCyclamen graecum, Mary Sue IttnerCyclamen graecum, Mary Sue IttnerCyclamen graecum stems, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum roots, John Lonsdale

The populations of C. graecum on the Mani Peninsula in the Peloponnese region of southern Greece are notable for large flowers and leaves and strong coloration. The photos were taken by Jane McGary at the end of October in that area, where the plants grow mostly in open areas in rocky soil. Photo two shows a large plant in flower in a newly burned area. Photo three shows "cochleate" leaves resembling those of some begonias.

Cyclamen graecum, Jane McGaryCyclamen graecum, Jane McGaryCyclamen graecum, Jane McGary

As an interesting BTW, Mr. Christopher Grey-Wilson mentioned in his Cyclamen book that in the Autumn of 1992 he was in the company of Jack Elliott whilst leading a Field Studies Council expedition to the Peloponnese. The previous day he said they had been remarking that the pure white C. graecum seemed to be extremely scarce, and that it must be pure luck to come upon one. The following day, on the outskirts of Gythion, the first and only white C. graecum was spotted, but they never saw another one like it in the following ten days, search as they might.

Cyclamen graecum ssp. anatolicum is found in Turkey, Rhodes, and Cyprus. It has leaves with beaded and lobed margins, sweetly scented white to pink flowers with poorly developed auricles and a basal blotch that is more solid and does not usually extend along the veins. Photos by John Lonsdale.

Cyclamen graecum ssp. anatolicum leaves, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum ssp. anatolicum leaves, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum ssp. anatolicum, John Lonsdale

Cyclamen graecum ssp. candicum is from the White Mountains of Western Crete. It has smaller.white, sometimes flushed with pale pink, flowers above compact dark, pointed foliage that is often intricately marbled and reddish purple or crimson beneath. Photo by John Lonsdale.

Cyclamen graecum ssp. candicum, John Lonsdale

Cyclamen graecum ssp. graecum is found on mainland Greece and some of the Islands. It has ovate leaves that are green or grey-green and pink flowers with well-developed auricles that are mostly unscented and marked with a basal blotch that extends along the veins. Its flowers appear above, or before the wonderfully patterned leaves. Photos by John Lonsdale.

Cyclamen graecum ssp. graecum, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum ssp. graecum, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum ssp. graecum, John Lonsdale

Cyclamen graecum ssp. graecum forma album This beautiful white flowered form of Cyclamen graecum, is an exquisite plant, and as easy to grow as the normal pink ones. A good plant can produce in excess of 100 blooms and is a truly arresting sight in full flower. This rare white flowered plant was only found in 1980 in the Greek Peloponnese. It has been stated that this particular species requires a long summer baking in order to perform well and a warm, secluded and sheltered site should be chosen. First photo by John Lonsdale. Photos two and three by Bill Dijk.

Cyclamen graecum ssp. graecum forma alba, John LonsdaleCyclamen graecum ssp. graecum forma alba, Bill DijkCyclamen graecum ssp. graecum forma alba, Bill Dijk

Cyclamen hederifolium is one that is most easily grown and is considered to be the hardiest planted in the ground. It is easy to grow in sun or semi-shade and is one of the hardier species. This species can be grown in a pot, but as the tubers expand, it may be difficult to find a large enough pot. Tubers as large as 34 cm. (14 in.) have been recorded. There is a wide range of forms in color of the flowers, leaves, and in time of bloom. Its flowers are usually produced in late summer to autumn just before the leaves, but may flower with the leaves and if you grow more than one clone, you will find flowering time to vary. See Cyclamen Compared for comparison with Cyclamen coum. The first three photos are by Arnold Trachtenberg; the fourth is by Angelo Porcelli, taken in habitat in Apulia, Italy and the final photo is by David Pilling.

Cyclamen hederifolium, Arnold TrachtenbergCyclamen hederifolium, Arnold TrachtenbergCyclamen hederifolium, Arnold TrachtenbergCyclamen hederifoliumin habitat in Apulia, Italy, Angelo PorcelliCyclamen hederifolium, David Pilling

The photos below illustrate some of the wonderful leaf patterns of this species, illustrations of fabulous foliage taken by Bill Dijk. Last picture from Roland and Gemma.

Cyclamen hederifolium foliage, Bill DijkCyclamen hederifolium foliage, Bill DijkCyclamen hederifolium foliage, Bill DijkCyclamen hederifolium leaf variations, Roland and Gemma

The first two photos below were taken in Corfu by Hans Joschko where this species was blooming in mass, and the last photo illustrates a red flower he found that he is calling Corfu Wine.

Cyclamen hederifolium, Corfu, Hans JoschkoCyclamen hederifolium photo, Corfu, Hans JoschkoCyclamen hederifolium, Hans Joschko

Photos 1-3 below by John Lonsdale show seeds and seed pods. Photo 4 below by GiorgioPozzi shows seeds in different stages of germination late September 2009 .

Cyclamen hederifolium seeds and pods, John LonsdaleCyclamen hederifolium seeds and pods, John LonsdaleCyclamen hederifolium seed pod, John LonsdaleCyclamen hederifolium stages of germination, Giorgio Pozzi

White flowered forms are generally referred to as Cyclamen hederifolium var. album or since this variety was never published Cyclamen hederifolium 'Album'. A species was published as Cyclamen albiflorum however. Since that species is now considered to be Cyclamen hederifolium Grey-Wilson has published the white form as Cyclamen hederifolium forma albiflorum. This form has big tubers and light sweet pleasant fragrance. Photos by Giorgio Pozzi.

Cyclamen hederifolium forma albiflorum clump of flowers September 2009, Giorgio PozziCyclamen hederifolium forma albiflorum patterned leaves September 2009, Giorgio PozziCyclamen hederifolium forma albiflorum close-up of a leaf, Giorgio Pozzi

Cyclamen hederifolium var. confusum is a tetraploid variety which occurs in the southern extremities of the species range. This variety has bright green leaves with a poorly defined hastate pattern that are shallowly lobed with obscure marginal teeth.

Cyclamen hederifolium var. confusum, John LonsdaleCyclamen hederifolium var. confusum, John Lonsdale

Cyclamen hederifolium var. poli is a rarely seen form or variety of this very variable species. Its sagittate leaves are the main feature, and it is reported to have scented flowers too. First records of this curious variant were made in the early nineteenth century by Michele Tenore and other Italian botanists. It was formally named by Stefano Delle Chiaje, (1794-1860), whose name is spelled Delle Chiaie in modern Italian. Funny, at that age someone speculated it was a hybrid with Arum italicum ! Photos by Angelo Porcelli.

Cyclamen hederifolium var. poli, Angelo PorcelliCyclamen hederifolium var. poli, Angelo Porcelli

Cyclamen hederifolium 'Stargazer' has upward facing flowers. Photo by John Lonsdale.

Cyclamen hederifolium 'Stargazer', John Lonsdale

Cyclamen species A-F - Cyclamen species I-Z - Cyclamen index


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Page last modified on March 10, 2014, at 07:16 PM