Hedychium

Hedychium is a rhizomatous, mainly tropical genus in the Zingiberaceae or Ginger family. The genus contains some 40 species of woodland edge plants that normally grow in moist terrain. Many have very attractive flowers, often beautifully perfumed. Common names for the genus include Ginger Lily and Garland Lily, the latter from the use of flowers of the white ginger (Hedychium coronarium) and the yellow gingers (H. flavescens and H. flavum) in Hawaiian floral garlands. Notes by David Victor.


Hedychium 'Carnival' is a Tom Wood hybrid involving the short epiphytic species Hedychium hasseltii which has fragrant pastel orange-yellow flowers & red, sturdy pseudostems to about 4 feet (1.2 m). Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Carnival', Alani DavisHedychium 'Carnival', Alani Davis

Hedychium coccineum var. aurantiacum is a Himalayan species with glaucous foliage & inflorescences of small orange-red flowers. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium coccineum var. aurantiacum, Alani DavisHedychium coccineum var. aurantiacum, Alani DavisHedychium coccineum var. aurantiacum, Alani Davis

Hedychium coccineum var. angustifolium is as suggested by the epithet angustifolium commonly known as narrow leaf ginger, it is synonymous with Hedychium angustifolium. Photos by Antigoni Rentzeperis.

Hedychium coccineum var. angustifolium, Antigoni RentzeperisHedychium coccineum var. angustifolium, Antigoni RentzeperisHedychium coccineum var. angustifolium, Antigoni RentzeperisHedychium coccineum var. angustifolium, Antigoni Rentzeperis

Hedychium coronarium is a very fragrant white-flowered species that typically reaches 5-6' in height & is hardy to zone 7. Photo by Alani Davis.

Hedychium coronarium, Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Dave Case' is a hybrid by Tom Wood. It reaches 7' & blooms late summer through the fall. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Dave Case', Alani DavisHedychium 'Dave Case', Alani DavisHedychium 'Dave Case', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Daniel Weeks' is a hybrid done by Russell Adams of Hedychium flavescens & Hedychium gardnerianum. It is a vigorous fragrant hybrid which is earlier than most to begin flowering. It reaches 6' & is hardy to at least zone 7. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Daniel Weeks', Alani DavisHedychium 'Daniel Weeks', Alani Davis

Hedychium densiflorum 'Assam Orange' said to be one of the hardiest gingers. Although seed is often sold with this name strictly it should only be used for the original cultivar collected by Frank Kingdon Ward from the Phutang/Balipara Frontier track at an altitude of 2,000 m (6,500 ft) on 8 July, 1938. The plants shown in the photos by David Pilling were grown from seed sown in 2007 and flowered in late Summer 2008. Plants grow just over three feet high.

Hedychium densiflorum 'Assam Orange', David PillingHedychium densiflorum 'Assam Orange', David Pilling

Hedychium densiflorum 'Tara' has gray-green foliage and orange flowers in late summer and early autumn. Photos taken August 2009 by Jay Yourch.

Hedychium densiflorum 'Tara', Jay YourchHedychium densiflorum 'Tara', Jay Yourch

Hedychium 'Devon Cream' is a hybrid of H. coronarium × H. gardnerianum originated at the famous Great Dixter garden in UK. It is a compact plant with upright stems, no more than 4' (120 cm) and spikes of pale cream, very scented flowers, starting in early July. A floriferous and fast growing hybrid. Photo by Angelo Porcelli.

Hedychium 'Devon Cream', Angelo Porcelli

Hedychium 'Dr. Moy' is a hybrid of H. flavum × H. coccineum induced by the botanist, Dr. Moy, now retired, while at San Antonio Botanical Garden. It has variegated foliage & fragrant orange-yellow flowers with orange throats on sturdy stems about 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. Photos by Alani Davis and Jay Yourch.

Hedychium 'Dr. Moy' flowers, Alani DavisHedychium 'Dr. Moy' flowers and foliage, Alani DavisHedychium 'Dr. Moy' flowers and foliage, Jay YourchHedychium 'Dr. Moy' foliage, Jay Yourch

Hedychium 'Elizabeth' is hybridized by Tom Wood & has fragrant pink flowers with a salmon butterfly mark mid-summer to fall on 6' stems. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Elizabeth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Elizabeth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Elizabeth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Elizabeth' flowers, Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Filigree' a hybrid by Tom Wood involving the short epiphytic species Hedychium hasseltii which gets to about 30" tall & has many fragrant yellow & gold flowers followed by pods that burst open revealing bright orange interiors & scarlet red seeds. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Filigree', Alani DavisHedychium 'Filigree', Alani DavisHedychium 'Filigree', Alani Davis

Hedychium flavescens is a sturdy Hedychium with arching pseudostems with broad leaves. The light yellow flowers are very fragrant & are hardy to at least zone 7. Photo by Alani Davis.

Hedychium flavescens, Alani Davis

Hedychium forrestii - A ginger lily named after George Forrest, the famous Scottish plant hunter who operated primarily in Yunnan, China, from where it originates. Growing to some four feet in height, the plant bears very attractive open spikes of white flowers. Photographed at my home, where I grow it in large pots, protecting in a cold greenhouse in the winter when it is dormant. Photo by David Victor.

Hedychium forrestii, David Victor

Hedychium gardnerianum is known as the Kahili Ginger, it originates in the northern India Himalaya. A tall ginger growing to six feet tall in the right setting. In the late summer, this species carries very beautiful flowers, which are very fragrant. Photographed at my home, where I grow it in large pots, protecting in a cold greenhouse in the winter when it is dormant & is hardy to at least zone 7. Flower photos by David Victor and Alani Davis. Photograph of roots with an inch diameter coin by David Pilling.

Hedychium gardnerianum, David VictorHedychium gardnerianum, Alani DavisHedychium gardnerianum, Alani DavisHedychium gardnerianum, David Pilling

Hedychium 'Gold Flame' is a hybrid by Tom Wood. It is reputed to reach 6' in height & hardy to at least zone 7. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Gold Flame', Alani DavisHedychium 'Gold Flame', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Kanogie' is a hybrid of unknown origin with sturdy 6 foot (2 m) stems and fragrant yellow-orange flowers during late summer and early autumn. Photo taken September 2009 by Jay Yourch.

Hedychium 'Kanogie', Jay Yourch

Hedychium 'Kinkaku' is an old hybrid from Japan with medium fragrant flowers & is hardy to at least zone 7. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Kinkaku', Alani DavisHedychium 'Kinkaku', Alani DavisHedychium 'Kinkaku' flowers, Alani DavisHedychium 'Kinkaku', Alani DavisHedychium 'Kinkaku', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Luna Moth' is a hybrid with compact, sturdy stems & large, very fragrant flowers. The name refers to the flowers, which have some resemblance to large & beautiful Luna Moth, Actias luna. Tom Wood, the hybridizer, did not reveal the parents, but it involves the short epiphytic species Hedychium hasseltii & averages around 4' in height. While it has been reported to be tender & difficult to cultivate, it thrives in moist soil & part shade to full & is hardy to at least zone 7. Photos by Jay Yourch & Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Luna Moth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Luna Moth', Jay YourchHedychium 'Luna Moth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Luna Moth', Alani DavisHedychium 'Luna Moth', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Pink Flame' is a hybrid by Tom Wood. It is reputed to reach 6' in height & is hardy to at least zone 7. Photo by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Pink Flame', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Pink V' is a hybrid by Tom Wood. The name refers the pattern created on the pseudostems by the pigmented margins of the clasping leaf bases & not to the color of the lightly scented flowers which are a peachy-apricot with a darker salmon mark. This hybrid gets to about 7' and is hardy to at least zone 7. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Pink V', Alani DavisHedychium 'Pink V', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Sherry Baby' is a hybrid by Larry Shatzer. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium 'Sherry Baby', Alani DavisHedychium 'Sherry Baby', Alani DavisHedychium 'Sherry Baby', Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Slim's Orange' has narrow, glaucous foliage and small orange-red flowers. It's compact, about 4 feet (1.2 m) tall, and reliably blooms in June, much earlier than any other Hedychium, repeating later in the season as most other Hedychiums are just getting started. Photos taken June 2007 by Jay Yourch.

Hedychium 'Slim's Orange', Jay YourchHedychium 'Slim's Orange', Jay YourchHedychium 'Slim's Orange', Jay Yourch

Hedychium sp. or hybrid is of unknown origins, but appears to be intermediate between Hedychium coronarium & H. thyrsiforme. Whether these species are related to the actual origins of this plant is speculative at best. It reaches 5' in height & is hardy to at least zone 8. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium coronarium × H. thyrsiforme?, Alani DavisHedychium coronarium × H. thyrsiforme?, Alani DavisHedychium coronarium × H. thyrsiforme?, Alani Davis

Hedychium thyrsiforme is a fragrant species which produces clusters of many small white flowers & is hardy to at least zone 8. Photos by Alani Davis.

Hedychium thyrsiforme, Alani DavisHedychium thyrsiforme, Alani DavisHedychium thyrsiforme, Alani Davis

Hedychium 'Vanilla Ice' is a sport of H. 'Dr. Moy' with more dramatic variegation selected by Messenbrink's Nursery of Nashville, North Carolina. The variegation is stable and the plant retains good vigor. Photos by Alani Davis and Jay Yourch.

Hedychium 'Vanilla Ice', Alani DavisHedychium 'Vanilla Ice', Jay YourchHedychium 'Vanilla Ice', Jay YourchHedychium 'Vanilla Ice', Jay Yourch

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Page last modified on March 04, 2013, at 05:58 PM