Satyrium

Satyrium is a genus in the Orchidaceae family found in Africa, India, and China. These are terrestrial orchids with underground tubers and a lip that forms a hood. Satyrium species are deciduous, winter or summer growing. The tubers are annually replaced. Oval shaped leaves can be flat on the ground or in a raised spreading position. More information about this genus can be found on this web page entitled SA Orchids: Satyrium


Satyrium bracteatum is a species found both in winter and summer rainfall areas of South Africa. Photos by Cameron McMaster. The second was taken on Gaika's Kop.

Satyrium bracteatum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium bracteatum, Gaika's Kop, Cameron McMaster

Satyrium erectum is a widespread species found on dry sandstone, and clay flats from Namaqualand to the southwestern Eastern Cape. Growing to about 30 cm, it has 2 ovate-elliptic basal leaves that are flat on the ground and 11 to 37 sweetly smelling pink flowers in a dense raceme. Flowers have darker tinges and spots on the petals. Photos taken by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner in the Bontebok National Park, near Villiersdorp and between Nieuwoudtville and Vanrhynsdorp.

Satyrium erectum, Bontebok, Bob RutemoellerSatyrium erectum, Villiersdorp, Bob RutemoellerSatyrium erectum, Villiersdorp, Bob RutemoellerSatyrium erectum, Vanrhynsdorp, Bob RutemoellerSatyrium erectum, Vanrhynsdorp, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium erectum, Vanrhynsdorp, Mary Sue Ittner

Satyrium ligulatum is winter-growing, blooming in spring. It has a wide distribution in South Africa and yellowish-green to white flowers that are tinged purple. Photos by Cameron McMaster. The second one was taken at Naude's Nek.

Satyrium ligulatum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium ligulatum, Naudes Nek, Cameron McMaster

Satyrium longicauda grows in grassland, rocky areas and marshes from the Southern Cape of South Africa to tropical Africa. It has white to pink sweetly scented flowers in a dense spike. Photos #1-4 were taken by Cameron McMaster. The first three photos were taken at Mt. Kubusie. Photo 4 was taken at Satansnek Pass. including the last from Bob Rutemoeller. Photos 5-6 were taken January 2012 by Christopher Whitehouse at Gaika's Kop.

Satyrium longicauda, Cameron McMasterSatyrium longicauda, Cameron McMasterSatyrium longicauda, Cameron McMasterSatyrium longicauda, Satansnek, Cameron McMasterSatyrium longicauda, Gaika's Kop, Christopher WhitehouseSatyrium longicauda, Gaika's Kop, Christopher Whitehouse

Photos taken at Maclear and Naude's Nek by Mary Sue Ittner.

Satyrium longicauda, Maclear, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium longicauda, Maclear, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium longicauda, Maclear, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium longicauda, Maclear, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium longicauda, Naude's Nek, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium longicauda, Naude's Nek, Mary Sue Ittner

Satyrium longicolle from the Southern to Eastern Cape of South Africa grows on damp sandstone slopes. It is winter growing, blooming late spring, often after a fire. Flowers are in a dense spike, white to pink with darker streaks. Photo by Cameron McMaster.

Satyrium longicolle, Cameron McMaster

Satyrium neglectum is found in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Tanzania. It has medium to small flowers in a dense spike in various colors (pink to red, orange to yellow, mauve, and yellowish white.) Photographs by Cameron McMaster taken in the Eastern Cape. Photos #1 and 2 were taken at Mt. Thomas. The second is a close-up. Photo #3 was taken at Satansnek Pass. Photo #4 was taken at Naude's Nek and photos 5-6 near Tordoon.

Satyrium neglectum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium neglectum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium neglectum, Satansnek, Cameron McMasterSatyrium neglectum, Naude's Nek, Cameron McMasterSatyrium neglectum, Tordoon, Cameron McMasterSatyrium neglectum, Tordoon, Cameron McMaster

Satyrium parviflorum is known as the Devil Orchid. It is found in moist or dry grassland, among rocks from the southern Cape of South Africa to the Eastern Cape and tropical Africa. It has yellowish green small, densely packed flowers, is variable in size. Photos #1-3 by Cameron McMaster in the Eastern Cape. Photo #4 and #5 taken by Mary Sue Ittner and Bob Rutemoeller at Naude's Nek.

Satyrium parviflorum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium parviflorum, Hogsback, Cameron McMasterSatyrium parviflorum, Hogsback, Cameron McMasterSatyrium parviflorum, Naude's Nek, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium parviflorum, Naude's Nek, Bob Rutemoeller

Satyrium sphaerocarpum is found in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Mozambique. This tuberous plant grows to 50 cm. It has large white to cream few or many flowers that are streaked dark reddish brown to purple. Photos by Cameron McMaster taken at Dohne Peak and by Mary Sue Ittner taken at Maclear.

Satyrium sphaerocarpum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium sphaerocarpum, Cameron McMasterSatyrium sphaerocarpum, Maclear, Mary Sue IttnerSatyrium sphaerocarpum, Maclear, Mary Sue Ittner

Satyrium trinerve is found on marshy ground from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to tropical Africa. Bracts are green with broad white margins and spread horizontally. Flowers are white and yellow in a dense spike. Photo by Cameron McMaster.

Satyrium trinerve, Cameron McMaster

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Page last modified on March 15, 2012, at 06:49 AM