Satyrium is a genus in the Orchidaceae family found in Africa, India, and China. These are terrestrial orchids with underground tubers and a lip that forms a hood. Satyrium species are deciduous, winter or summer growing. The tubers are annually replaced. Oval shaped leaves can be flat on the ground or in a raised spreading position. More information about this genus can be found on this web page entitled SA Orchids: Satyrium
Satyrium erectum is a widespread species found on dry sandstone, and clay flats from Namaqualand to the southwestern Eastern Cape. Growing to about 30 cm, it has 2 ovate-elliptic basal leaves that are flat on the ground and 11 to 37 sweetly smelling pink flowers in a dense raceme. Flowers have darker tinges and spots on the petals. Photos taken by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner in the Bontebok National Park, near Villiersdorp and between Nieuwoudtville and Vanrhynsdorp.
Satyrium ligulatum is winter-growing, blooming in spring. It has a wide distribution in South Africa and yellowish-green to white flowers that are tinged purple. Photos by Cameron McMaster. The second one was taken at Naude's Nek.
Satyrium longicauda grows in grassland, rocky areas and marshes from the Southern Cape of South Africa to tropical Africa. It has white to pink sweetly scented flowers in a dense spike. Photos #1-4 were taken by Cameron McMaster. The first three photos were taken at Mt. Kubusie. Photo 4 was taken at Satansnek Pass. including the last from Bob Rutemoeller. Photos 5-6 were taken January 2012 by Christopher Whitehouse at Gaika's Kop.
Satyrium longicolle from the Southern to Eastern Cape of South Africa grows on damp sandstone slopes. It is winter growing, blooming late spring, often after a fire. Flowers are in a dense spike, white to pink with darker streaks. Photo by Cameron McMaster.
Satyrium neglectum is found in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Tanzania. It has medium to small flowers in a dense spike in various colors (pink to red, orange to yellow, mauve, and yellowish white.) Photographs by Cameron McMaster taken in the Eastern Cape. Photos #1 and 2 were taken at Mt. Thomas. The second is a close-up. Photo #3 was taken at Satansnek Pass. Photo #4 was taken at Naude's Nek and photos 5-6 near Tordoon.
Satyrium parviflorum is known as the Devil Orchid. It is found in moist or dry grassland, among rocks from the southern Cape of South Africa to the Eastern Cape and tropical Africa. It has yellowish green small, densely packed flowers, is variable in size. Photos #1-3 by Cameron McMaster in the Eastern Cape. Photo #4 and #5 taken by Mary Sue Ittner and Bob Rutemoeller at Naude's Nek.
Satyrium sphaerocarpum is found in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Mozambique. This tuberous plant grows to 50 cm. It has large white to cream few or many flowers that are streaked dark reddish brown to purple. Photos by Cameron McMaster taken at Dohne Peak and by Mary Sue Ittner taken at Maclear.
Satyrium trinerve is found on marshy ground from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to tropical Africa. Bracts are green with broad white margins and spread horizontally. Flowers are white and yellow in a dense spike. Photo by Cameron McMaster.