Fritillaria that originate in Asia from **a-c* are described on this page.
Fritillaria acmopetala Boiss. is found in fields in the Eastern Mediterranean region. It is olive green and reddish-brown and is not tessellated (checkered) nor do the tepals have median stripes. The tips of the tepals curl back strongly. This species is often received from seed exchanges and collectors under other names, since it is very common and easy to grow in the garden. Increases rapidly by offsets. Photos by Arnold Trachtenberg, Jane McGary and John Lonsdale. The last photo is of a dark form.
Seed photos by David Pilling, the first one was taken with reflected light, the remainder were taken using transmitted light, in the first of these embryos are barely visible, see Fritillaria Germination. The next photo taken 37 days later after the seeds had been exposed to cold (32-40 °F) and wet shows the embryos have developed. The last photo taken after a total of 67 days shows the seeds germinating.
Fritillaria acmopetala ssp. wendelboi Rix is considered by Plants of the World Online in 2021 to be a synonym of Fritillaria wendelboi (Rix) Teksen (published in 2018). It is from southern Turkey and has flowers that are squared instead of rounded and fewer wider leaves. It is a short plant with green and maroon flowers topped by a darker purple band.
Fritillaria alburyana Rix is native to northeastern Turkey and adjacent Iran, growing in the subalpine to alpine zone in rocky soil (see photos) and emerging and flowering soon after snowmelt. The flowering stems are usually no more than 10 cm (4 in) tall. This beautiful species is coveted by growers but is difficult in cultivation, like many snowmelt bulbs; at low elevations the flowers tend to open before clearing the soil surface. The first three photos taken by Cedrik Haskovec in northeastern Turkey around 3000 m. The last photo from Ian Young is of a plant in cultivation.
Fritillaria alfredae ssp. glaucoviridis (Turrill) Rix from the Amanus Mountains of Turkey is the most commonly cultivated subspecies of this species. These plants, about 10 inches/25 cm tall, bear their distinctive blue-green flowers in late March in this bulb frame in Oregon, where they are not dried out in summer. Photo by Jane McGary.
Fritillaria amana (Rix) R.Wallis & R.B.Wallis is native to Turkey. Fritillaria hermonis ssp. amana Rix is now considered to be a synonym. For more information on that plant see Fritillaria hermonis ssp. amana.
Fritillaria ariana (Losinsk. & Vved.) Rix is native to Central Asia and Afghanistan. It is a member of the Rhinopetalum section, typified by deeply indented nectaries that produce a "nose" on the outer part of the flower. This plant of desert dunes must be watered very carefully and kept dry in summer. Shown flowering in a bulb frame in Oregon in March, where bulbs have survived and flowered for ten years. Photo by Jane McGary.
Fritillaria armena Boiss, syn. Fritillaria caucasica var. armena (Boiss.) Grossh., is native to northeastern Turkey. The plant widely grown as this species is difficult to distinguish from Fritillaria caucasica except it is shorter and flowers earlier. According to the Kew checklist this name is not accepted by: Teksen, M. & Aytaç, Z. (2011) in The revision of the genus Fritillaria L. (Liliaceae) in the Mediterranean region (Turkey), Turkish Journal of Botany 35: 447-478. Both are listing it as Fritillaria pinardii subsp. pinardii. The photo below was taken Paige Woodward whose plants descended from material collected in 1982 in Gümüshane province at 2200-2400 m (7200-9400'). She describes the bulbs as naturally small, producing many bulblets and the flowers as nodding, conical purple-black, flowering in April-May. Plants grow 6-8 cm (2-3.5") and are perfect for a trough or the glasshouse.
Photos 1 and 2 by David Pilling are of plants in an 8 cm side pot and a flower. The specks in one strip of petal do not line up with those in the next strip; this is reminiscent of the patterns in Fritillaria meleagris. The last photo from Ian Young.
Video by David Pilling, 3 pm April 4th 2013, the same pot of bulbs in photo 5 above a few days later.
Photos by David Pilling. The bulb photo shows 'rice' (tiny offset bulb) production. The first seed photo was taken with reflected light, the second of the same seed was taken using transmitted light, embryos are barely visible, see Fritillaria Germination. The final photo taken 63 days later after the seeds had been exposed to cold (32-40 °F) shows the embryos have developed and germination is taking place.
Fritillaria bithynica Baker is a very dwarf plant native to the Aegean Islands and Western Turkey where it is found in scrub and stony soils. The flowers are yellowish green, almost silver on the outside. Mine originated from Jane McGary and the first bloom has been in March 2004. The first two photos by Mary Sue Ittner show the outside and looking up at the inside. In the third photo we see a very tiny plant of this fritillaria flowering at the base of a deciduous shrub. Photo by Mark McDonough taken on March 25, 2004. He writes:"My plants also came from Jane McGary. In the background are the many thready green sprouts of young Fritillaria pudica bulbs, once again, from Jane McGary.
Fritillaria bucharica Regel is a large, early-flowering member of the Rhinopetalum section from Central Asia and northern Afghanistan, growing on rocky slopes in the foothills. Fairly easy to grow, it produces numerous whitish flowers on a typically arching stout scape, with many bracts. The form in the first photo by Jane McGary is flowering in a bulb frame in Oregon in March, kept fairly dry in summer. It is sold as a 'Giant' form, but it is fairly typical of plants she has grown from seed. The second photo was taken by Paige Woodward.
Fritillaria carica Rix from southwest Turkey is best ground in an Alpine house. It has gray green leaves and yellow bell shaped flowers. Photo by John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria carica ssp. serpenticola Rix is considered in 2021 to be a synonym of Fritillaria serpenticola (Rix) Teksen & Aytaç. The first photo taken by Jane McGary who grew this from the Archibalds' seed. It is a very dwarf and is native to serpentine soils in Antalya province, Turkey. The second photo by John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria caucasica Adam is distributed from Northern Turkey to NW Iran. It is similar to Fritillaria armena but twice as tall with more leaves and larger, darker flowers. The first photo from Paige Woodward whose plants descended from material collected in Armenia in the Caucasus Mountains. Her plants grow to 25-35 cm (10-14") and produce one to two deep plum flowers in April amid glaucous leaves. The second photo from Ian Young.
Fritillaria chitralensis (Anon.) B.Mathew is native to Chitral, Pakistan, and northeastern Afghanistan. It is related to Fritillaria imperialis and Fritillaria raddeana. It is fairly short-growing with pendent bright yellow flowers. The pictured plant was grown from wild-collected seed donated to the NARGS seed exchange and is flowering in its fifth year from seed; more flowers may be produced as it gets older. The first two photoa by grower Jane McGary, taken March 10 in Portland, Oregon. The last two photos by Ian Young
Fritillaria crassifolia ssp. kurdica (Boiss. & Noë) Rix is in 2021 considered to be a synonym of Fritillaria kurdica Boiss. & Noë. It is a choice little species from Turkey with plump waxy bells. The first photo was taken by Mark McDonough on May 3, 2004 showing plants grown from Jane McGary's bulbs. In flower it was about 3" (7.5 cm) tall.. Photos 2-4 from John Lonsdale.
Seed photos by David Pilling, the first was taken using reflected light and the remainder of the same seed were taken using transmitted light, in the first of these embryos are barely visible, see Fritillaria Germination. The next photo taken 33 days later after the seeds had been exposed to cold (32-40 °F) and wet shows the embryos have developed. The final photo shows germination after 69 days.
Fritillaria Index - Asian Fritillaria a-c - Asian Fritillaria d-k - Asian Fritillaria l-r - Asian Fritillaria s-z - European Fritillaria a-o - European Fritillaria p-z - Miscellaneous Fritillaria - North American Fritillaria a-l - North American Fritillaria m-z