Fritillaria species originating in Europe are described on this page. Species A-O are found on this page.
Fritillaria burnatii syn. Fritillaria meleagris ssp. burnatii
Fritillaria conica is endemic to the Peloponnese where it grows in scrub. It has shiny green leaves and deep yellow conical flowers and is one of the easier yellow-flowered species to grow. Flower photos by John Lonsdale. Bulb photo by Peter Taggart.
Fritillaria davisii is found on hillsides, scrub, olive groves and cornfields at low altitudes in the Peloponnese (Greece). This species has two broad leaves that rest on the ground and dark chocolate waxy flowers that are yellowish-green inside. This color shows lightly through to the outside petal tip. This species increases well. First two photos, by Mary Sue Ittner, are of plants blooming in February 2005 in Northern California. Third photo by John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria ehrhartii from the Aegean Islands of Greece, flowering in a bulb frame in Oregon in late March, showing the typical dusky purple flowers with a gray "bloom" on the outer surface and the small golden apices of the tepals. These four-year-old seedlings are in their second flowering year, an easy species to cultivate with a little overhead protection. Photo by Jane McGary.
Fritillaria elwesii is widespread in southwestern Turkey where it can be found in pine woodlands up to 900 m (3,000ft). It grows to 40 cm (16in) and has purple brown flowers with a clear green stripe. It prefers an open sunny situation that dries out in summer. Photos by John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria euboeica is native to the Greek island of Evvoia and is closely related to Fritillaria carica and may be a subspecies of it. The flowers, on 5-inch/12- cm stems, are large in proportion. Grown from seed purchased from Archibalds. Photos by Jane McGary and John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria gussichiae is native to Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Greece where it is found in woodlands and has pale green untessellated flowers flushed brown. Photo from John Lonsdale.
Fritillaria messanensis is a Mediterranean species with flowers that are hanging bells of chequered brown and green with a green stripe down the center of each petal. Blooming for the first time in March 2006 from seed sown in the fall of 1999. Photo by Mary Sue Ittner.
Fritillaria messanensis ssp. gracilis from the northwestern Balkan region is a plant of alpine meadows and light woodland, well adapted to gardens in temperate regions. Shown flowering in Oregon in late March. Photo by Jane McGary.
Fritillaria obliqua is native to the vicinity of Athens, Greece, where it is endangered owing to loss of habitat to development. The name obliqua refers to the slightly tilted attitude of the flowers, as shown in the photo. The deep purple tepals are satiny in texture, contrasting with the bright golden pollen within. Shown flowering in a bulb frame in Oregon in March. Photo by Jane McGary.
Asian fritillaria A-C - Asian fritillaria D-K - Asian fritillaria L-R - Asian fritillaria S-Z - European fritillaria P-Z - Fritillaria index - Miscellaneous fritillaria - North American fritillaria A-L - North American fritillaria M-Z