Lachenalia

Lachenalia J.Jacq. ex Murray is a genus with bulbs in the Hyacinthaceae family (or expanded Asparagaceae) found in Namibia and South Africa. There are around 133 accepted species (according to Plants of the World, 2018). Most of these have a dormancy period and grow new roots each year. Polyxena has been transferred to Lachenalia by J.C. Manning, P. Goldblatt & M.F. Fay in "A revised generic synopsis of Hyacinthaceae in sub-Saharan Africa, including new combinations and the new tribe Pseudoprospereae", Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60(3): 533-568 (2004). Those species continue to be found on the Polyxena wiki page. Information about Lachenalia from Don Journet was provided on the PBS list in three posts in February 2007. The first was a general introduction and discussion about growing the species, the second discussed propagation, and the third covered pests, diseases, general discussion, and references.

The first complete illustrated systematic monograph of this genus by Graham Duncan The Genus Lachenalia was published in 2012.

Species of Lachenalia are very easily grown from seeds given that they are sown at the right time of year. List members have varied experience but most agree that light is not needed for germination. More detailed information about germinating and growing this genus can be found in a post by Mary Sue Ittner.


These lachenalias were being used as bedding plants in Nieuwoudtville in September 2006. They could be cultivars or hybrids although the second photo shows plants that are likely Lachenalia aloides and Lachenalia flava. Photos from Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner. The bulbs look like others in the Hyacinth family. The fourth photo shows bulbs on a 1 cm grid by M. Gastil-Buhl. This last photo shows leaf cuttings with bulbils formed at the base by Colin Davis. Propagation of Lachenalia is quite productive with this method, yielding over 25 bulbils in this instance using less than 2 leaves.

Lachenalia in beds, Bob RutemoellerLachenalia aloides cultivars, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia sp., Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia bulbs, M. Gastil-BuhlLachenalia quadricolor leaf cuttings, Colin Davis

Find species alphabetically or click on the species name in the table below
Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia Species D-I - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia Q-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena


Lachenalia species
Lachenalia alba Lachenalia algoensis Lachenalia aloides
*Lachenalia aloides var. aurea *Lachenalia aloides var. quadricolor *Lachenalia aloides var. vanzyliae
Lachenalia ameliae Lachenalia angelica Lachenalia anguinea
Lachenalia arbuthnotiae Lachenalia attenuata Lachenalia bachmannii
Lachenalia bolusii Lachenalia bulbifera Lachenalia callista
Lachenalia campanulata Lachenalia canaliculata Lachenalia capensis
Lachenalia carnosa Lachenalia comptonii Lachenalia congesta
Lachenalia contaminata Lachenalia corymbosa Lachenalia doleritica
Lachenalia elegans *Lachenalia elegans var. flava *Lachenalia elegans var. membranacea
*Lachenalia elegans var. suaveolens Lachenalia ensifolia Lachenalia fistulosa
Lachenalia flava Lachenalia framesii Lachenalia gillettii
Lachenalia haarlemensis Lachenalia hirta Lachenalia isopetala
Lachenalia juncifolia *Lachenalia juncifolia var. campanulata Lachenalia karooica
Lachenalia karoopoortensis Lachenalia kliprandensis Lachenalia latimerae
Lachenalia luteola Lachenalia liliflora Lachenalia longibracteata
Lachenalia longituba Lachenalia lutea Lachenalia magentea
Lachenalia mathewsii Lachenalia maughanii Lachenalia mediana
Lachenalia membranacea Lachenalia multifolia Lachenalia mutabilis
Lachenalia namaquensis Lachenalia namibiensis Lachenalia nervosa
Lachenalia obscura Lachenalia orchioides Lachenalia orthopetala
Lachenalia pallida Lachenalia patula Lachenalia paucifolia
Lachenalia peersii Lachenalia polyphylla Lachenalia punctata
Lachenalia purpureocaerulea Lachenalia pusilla Lachenalia pustulata
Lachenalia quadricolor Lachenalia reflexa Lachenalia rosea
* Lachenalia rubida Lachenalia salteri Lachenalia sargeantii
Lachenalia schelpei Lachenalia splendida Lachenalia stayneri
Lachenalia suaveolens Lachenalia thomasiae Lachenalia trichophylla
Lachenalia undulata Lachenalia unicolor Lachenalia unifolia
Lachenalia vanzyliae Lachenalia ventricosa Lachenalia violacea
Lachenalia viridiflora Lachenalia whitehillensis Lachenalia youngii
Lachenalia zebrina Lachenalia zeyheri
* = synonym

Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia Species D-I - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia Q-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena


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Page last modified on February 03, 2019, at 04:05 PM