Lachenalia

Lachenalia J.Jacq. ex Murray is a genus with bulbs in the Hyacinthaceae family (or expanded Asparagaceae) found in Namibia and South Africa. There are around 133 accepted species (according to Plants of the World, 2018). Most of these have a dormancy period and grow new roots each year. Polyxena has been transferred to Lachenalia by J.C. Manning, P. Goldblatt & M.F. Fay in "A revised generic synopsis of Hyacinthaceae in sub-Saharan Africa, including new combinations and the new tribe Pseudoprospereae", Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60(3): 533-568 (2004). Those species continue to be found on the Polyxena wiki page. Information about Lachenalia from Don Journet was provided on the PBS list in three posts in February 2007. The first was a general introduction and discussion about growing the species, the second discussed propagation, and the third covered pests, diseases, general discussion, and references.

The first complete illustrated systematic monograph of this genus by Graham Duncan The Genus Lachenalia was published in 2012.

Species of Lachenalia are very easily grown from seeds given that they are sown at the right time of year. List members have varied experience but most agree that light is not needed for germination. More detailed information about germinating and growing this genus can be found in a post by Mary Sue Ittner.


These lachenalias were being used as bedding plants in Nieuwoudtville in September 2006. They could be cultivars or hybrids although the second photo shows plants that are likely Lachenalia aloides and Lachenalia flava. Photos from Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner. The bulbs look like others in the Hyacinth family. The fourth photo shows bulbs on a 1 cm grid by M. Gastil-Buhl. This last photo shows leaf cuttings with bulbils formed at the base by Colin Davis. Propagation of Lachenalia is quite productive with this method, yielding over 25 bulbils in this instance using less than 2 leaves.

Lachenalia in beds, Bob RutemoellerLachenalia aloides cultivars, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia sp., Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia bulbs, M. Gastil-BuhlLachenalia quadricolor leaf cuttings, Colin Davis

Find species alphabetically or click on the species name in the table below
Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia Species D-I - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia Q-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena


Lachenalia species
Lachenalia alba Lachenalia algoensis Lachenalia aloides
*Lachenalia aloides var. aurea *Lachenalia aloides var. quadricolor *Lachenalia aloides var. vanzyliae
Lachenalia ameliae Lachenalia angelica Lachenalia anguinea
Lachenalia arbuthnotiae Lachenalia attenuata Lachenalia bachmannii
Lachenalia bolusii Lachenalia bulbifera Lachenalia callista
Lachenalia campanulata Lachenalia capensis Lachenalia carnosa
Lachenalia comptonii Lachenalia congesta Lachenalia contaminata
Lachenalia corymbosa Lachenalia doleritica Lachenalia elegans
*Lachenalia elegans var. flava *Lachenalia elegans var. membranacea *Lachenalia elegans var. suaveolens
Lachenalia ensifolia Lachenalia fistulosa Lachenalia flava
Lachenalia framesii Lachenalia gillettii Lachenalia haarlemensis
Lachenalia hirta Lachenalia isopetala Lachenalia juncifolia
*Lachenalia juncifolia var. campanulata Lachenalia karooica Lachenalia karoopoortensis
Lachenalia kliprandensis Lachenalia latimerae Lachenalia luteola
Lachenalia liliflora Lachenalia longibracteata Lachenalia longituba
Lachenalia lutea Lachenalia magentea Lachenalia mathewsii
Lachenalia maughanii Lachenalia mediana Lachenalia membranacea
Lachenalia multifolia Lachenalia mutabilis Lachenalia namaquensis
Lachenalia namibiensis Lachenalia nervosa Lachenalia obscura
Lachenalia orchioides Lachenalia orthopetala Lachenalia pallida
Lachenalia patula Lachenalia paucifolia Lachenalia peersii
Lachenalia polyphylla Lachenalia punctata Lachenalia purpureocaerulea
Lachenalia pusilla Lachenalia pustulata Lachenalia quadricolor
Lachenalia reflexa Lachenalia rosea * Lachenalia rubida
Lachenalia salteri Lachenalia sargeantii Lachenalia schelpei
Lachenalia splendida Lachenalia suaveolens Lachenalia thomasiae
Lachenalia trichophylla Lachenalia undulata Lachenalia unicolor
Lachenalia unifolia Lachenalia vanzyliae Lachenalia ventricosa
Lachenalia violacea Lachenalia viridiflora Lachenalia whitehillensis
Lachenalia youngii Lachenalia zebrina Lachenalia zeyheri
* = synonym

Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia Species D-I - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia Q-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena


Return to the PBS wiki Photographs And Information page
Page last modified on March 10, 2018, at 07:57 AM