Lilium

Lilium is a large genus in the Liliaceae family. More than 100 species are found in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. There are thousands of cultivars as well. The majority of lilies are easy to grow, basic location being heads in the sun and feet in the shade. Good drainage is essential. With the exception of Lilium candidum, they should be planted twice as deep as the height of the bulb. Lilium candidum should be barely covered with soil and is best planted in late summer. The colors of pastel shades are best with a little shade so they do not lose their color in the sun.

Species Lilies was the topic of the week for the PBS List in June 2003. Some of the information below was furnished by John Bryan. His complete Introduction can be found here.

Major reference works devoted to lilies include:

For details of bulbs see Lilium bulbs. For seeds and propagation see Lilium seeds. For details of flowers see Lilium Flowers. For growing from seed see Lily Germination and Lily Germination By Species.
Iain Brodie of Auchgourish Botanic Garden, Boat of Garten, Scotland who has a mission to conserve the species of Lilium has kindly provided a paper on his successful method of seed germination. You can also find more Lilium information on the website of the North American Lily Society.

Pests and diseases that can be a problem include Lily beetle, Vine weevil and botrytis (see Lilium candidum for picture). Botrytis typically gains a hold if the foliage becomes too wet. In a bad year and with susceptible species, it can lead to the complete collapse of the stem, but usually the bulb will recover the next year. Treatment with systemic fungicide is possible.

Gardeners refer to groups of lily species which form hybrids by names like "Asiatic" which derive from a classification scheme.

Divisions 1 to 8 contain hybrids of the species shown; species and cultivars of species are classified as division 9. This scheme is used by NALS and the RHS, it is slightly different to the way lilies are grouped on this wiki.

Div Name
1 Asiatic L. amabile, L. bulbiferum, L. callosum, L. cernuum, L. concolor, L. dauricum, L. davidii, L. lancifolium, L. lankongense, L. leichtlinii, L. pumilum, L. wilsonii
2 Martagons L. hansonii, L. martagon, L. medeoloides, L. tsingtauense
3 Candidum L. candidum, L. chalcedonicum, L. monadelphum
4 American L. occidentale, L. pardalinum, L. parryi, L. parvum
5 Longiflorum L. longiflorum, L. philippinense, L. formosanum
6 Trumpet and Aurelian L. brownii, L. henryi, L. leucanthum, L. regale, L. rosthornii, L. sargentiae, L. sulphureum
Aurelians are hybrids of L. henryi or L. rosthornii with trumpet lilies.
7 Oriental L. alexandrae, L. auratum, L. japonicum, L. rubellum, L. speciosum
8 Other hybrids Those not in the other divisions, for example Oriental/Trumpet (Orienpets or OT) and longiflorum/Asiatic (LA) hybrids.

Lilium has been divided into the following sections on the PBS wiki - American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-Z - Candidum Section - Dauricum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section
Lilium Hybrids shows pictures of hybrids. Lilium black hearts is about a type of Aurelian hybrid.


American Section, Lilium humboldtii, Nhu NguyenAsiatic Section, Lilium concolor, John LonganeckerCandidum Section, Lilium monadelphum, Arnold TrachtenbergDauricum Section, Lilium dauricum, Arnold TrachtenbergOriental Section, Lilium speciosum, Jim McKenneyTrumpet Section, Lilium formosanum, Ron Parsons

Click on the name in the table below to find more information and/or to see photographs of the named species or cultivar.

Lilium Species
Lilium akkusianum Lilium albanicum Lilium alexandrae Lilium amabile
Lilium amoenum Lilium auratum Lilium bakerianum Lilium bolanderi
Lilium brownii Lilium bulbiferum Lilium callosum Lilium canadense
Lilium candidum Lilium carniolicum Lilium catesbaei Lilium cernuum
Lilium chalcedonicum Lilium ciliatum Lilium columbianum Lilium concolor
Lilium dauricum Lilium davidii Lilium distichum Lilum duchartrei
Lilium fargesii Lilium formosanum Lilium gloriosoides Lilium grayi
Lilium hansonii Lilium henrici Lilium henryi Lilium humboldtii
Lilium iridollae Lilium japonicum Lilium kelloggii Lilium kelleyanum
Lilium kesselringianum Lilium lancifolium Lilium lankongense Lilium ledebourii
Lilium leichtlinii Lilium leucanthum Lilium lijiangense Lilium longiflorum
Lilium lophophorum Lilium mackliniae Lilium maculatum Lilium matangense
Lilium majoense Lilium maritimum Lilium martagon Lilium medeoloides
Lilium michauxii Lilium michiganense Lilium monadelphum Lilium nanum
Lilium nepalense Lilium nobilissimum Lilium occidentale Lilium oxypetalum
Lilium papilliferum Lilium pardalinum Lilium parryi Lilium parvum
Lilium pensylvanicum Lilium philadelphicum Lilium philippinense Lilium pitkinense
Lilium poilanei Lilium polyphyllum Lilium pomponium Lilium ponticum
Lilium primulinum Lilium pumilum Lilium pyrenaicum Lilium pyrophilum
Lilium regale Lilium rhodopaeum Lilium rosthornii Lilium rubellum
Lilium rubescens Lilium sargentiae Lilium shastense Lilium souliei
Lilium speciosum Lilium sulphureum Lilium superbum Lilium szovitsianum
Lilium taliense Lilium tsingtauense Lilium vollmeri Lilium wallichianum
Lilium washingtonianum Lilium wilsonii Lilium wardii Lilium wenshanense
Lilium wigginsii Lilium xanthellum Lilium yapingense


Lilium hybrids
Lilium 'African Queen', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'African Queen'
Lilium 'Anastasia', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Anastasia'
Lilium 'Black Beauty', Gary Buckley [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Black Beauty'
Lilium Leslie Woodriff's 'Black Heart White', Charlie Kroell [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Black Heart White'
Lilium 'Brunello', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Brunello'
Lilium 'Casa Blanca', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Casa Blanca'
Lilium 'Chiara', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Chiara'
Lilium 'Citronella', Ron Parsons [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Citronella'
Lilium 'Conca D'or', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Conca D'or'
Lilium 'Eudoxia', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Eudoxia'
Lilium 'Extravaganza', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Extravaganza'
Lilium 'Golden Splendour', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Golden Splendour'
Lilium 'Golden Stargazer', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Golden Stargazer'
Lilium 'Leslie Woodriff', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Leslie Woodriff''
Lilium 'Manisa', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Manisa'
Lilium 'Mrs. R. O. Backhouse', Paul Tyerman [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Mrs. R. O. Backhouse'
Lilium 'Muscadet', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Muscadet'
Lilium 'Novonna', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Novonna'
Lilium 'Pearl Lorraine', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Pearl Lorraine'
Lilium 'Pink Perfection', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Pink Perfection'
Lilium 'Preston Yellow', Jim McKenney [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Preston Yellow'
Lilium 'Robina', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Robina'
Lilium 'Royal Gold', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Royal Gold'
Lilium 'Scheherazade', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Scheherazade'
Lilium 'Silk Road', Mari Kitama [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Siberia'
Lilium 'Silk Road', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Silk Road'
Lilium 'Sorbonne', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Sorbonne'
Lilium 'Stargazer', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Stargazer'
Lilium 'Supreme', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Supreme'
Lilium 'Susan Elizabeth', Rimmer de Vries [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Susan Elizabeth'
Lilium 'Tarrango', David Pilling [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Tarrango'
Lilium 'Triumphator', Janos Agoston [Shift+click to enlarge, Click to go to wiki entry]
'Triumphator'

For more information about Lilium see Dr. Markus Hohenegger's Lilium site.


American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-Z - Candidum Section - Dauricum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids


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Page last modified on March 15, 2019, at 05:38 PM