Leucocoryne

Leucocoryne is a small genus of about 12 species in the Alliaceae family from Chile that grow in winter. They seem to benefit from a hot summer dormancy and adequate fertilization while in growth. Many of the flowers have 3 short fertile stamens and 3 long, sterile staminodes much like North American Brodiaea. Pabellonia is a South American genus (formerly known as Chrysocoryne) that is similar to Leucocoryne and is now included in it by most major data bases. For more information about this genus and a key see the paper written by Melica Muñoz.

Growing from seeds can be somewhat tricky. John Wagner find that seeds, particularly of L. coquimbensis germinates very readily without special treatment. The seeds were sown in the fall in a free draining mix with 80% germination. Others have mixed results of 0-50% germination. Seedlings emerge in about 3-6 weeks depending on the species. Diana Chapman who grows many of these plants states that she is lucky if 50% of first year seedlings return the following year.


Leucocoryne appendiculata has white flowers and three yellow staminodes with the tip terminating in a thread. It grows to 40 cm. Photos by Osmani Baullosa.

Leucocoryne appendiculata, Osmani BaullosaLeucocoryne appendiculata, Osmani Baullosa

Leucocoryne coquimbensis has blue or violet fragrant flowers with a greenish white center and yellow conical staminodes and slightly undulating tepals. Photos 1-2 by Sheila Burrow. Photo 3 was taken by Eugene Zielinski in 2011 in a good flowering of the desert in Chile along Route 5 between between Los Vilos and La Serena.

Leucocoryne coquimbensis, Sheila BurrowLeucocoryne coquimbensis, Sheila BurrowLeucocoryne coquimbensis, Eugene Zielinski

Leucocoryne hybrids The first photo taken April 2004 by Lee Poulsen was of a flower from a package of "mixed hybrids" of Leucocoryne. Photos 2-3 taken by Bill Dijk he labels as hybrids. They resemble L. coquimbensis.

Leucocoryne hybrid, Lee PoulsenLeucocoryne hybrid, Bill DijkLeucocoryne hybrid, Bill Dijk

Leucocoryne ixioides has cylindrical staminodes that are white or cream, with or without the upper half or third dark. Flowers can be white or pink or pale lilac. Photo one photographed by Sheila Burrow is white. Photo two also photographed by Sheila Burrow matches the description for this species. Photo three was taken by Eugene Zielinski in 2011 in a good flowering of the desert in Chile along Route 5 between Los Vilos and La Serena.

Leucocoryne ixioides white, Sheila BurrowLeucocoryne species white, Sheila BurrowLeucocoryne ixioides, Eugene Zielinski

Leucocoryne narcissoides Phil. (1860) syn. Stemmatium narcissoides is distinguished by having wide or narrow tepals and six equal staminodes, generally 3 short ones and 3 long ones. It differs from other species by having staminodes that are fleshy and flat and of a showy pale orange. There is some disagreement about this species. Some believe that it is the same species as Leucocoryne incrassata Phil. (1896), also known as Pabellonia incrassata. Ravenna has proposed a new species, Leucocoryne coronata Ravenna (2000) that he believes is different, but looks much the same and is not accepted by Melica Muñoz who has studied the Leucocoryne genus. We are including all the photos under this name. Photo 1 from Osmani Baullosa. Photos 2-5 from Eugene Zielinski taken October 2011 growing near Parque Nacional Llanos de Challe.

Leucocoryne narcissoides, Osmani BaullosaLeucocoryne narcissoides, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne narcissoides, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne narcissoides, Eugene Zielinski

This is a very interesting flower which looks superficially like a small, bicolored small-cupped Narcissus. It grows in very dry, rocky soils quite near the coast, with large Copiapoa cacti and xeric shrubs, and the most robust plants seemed to be down near seasonal drainage gullies on sloping banks. Photo 1 by Jane McGary. Photos 2-3 by Diane Whitehead photographed in Aguada de Tongoy, Atacama Province in October 2011.

Leucocoryne narcissoides, Jane McGaryLeucocoryne narcissoides, Diane WhiteheadLeucocoryne narcissoides, Diane Whitehead

Leucocoryne purpurea has light purple flowers with darker purple streaks. The staminodes are yellow with purple tips. Photos 1-2 taken by Eugene Zielinski near Parque Nacional Fray Jorge, Chile. The last photo of a plant in cultivation by Sheila Burrow.

Leucocoryne purpurea colony, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne purpurea flowers, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne purpurea, Sheila Burrow

Leucocoryne spp. Photos 1-4 are Leucocoryne species observed in Chile by Eugene Zielinski between late September, early October in Chile that were not identified. Photos 1-3 are of plants seen between Huasco and Carrizalillo. Photos 2-3 are likely Leucocoryne purpurea or a hybrid. Photo 4 seen near Pichasca National Monument is probably Leucocoryne coquimbensis. The last photo was taken by Sheila Burrow of a plant in her collection unidentified.

Leucocoryne species, between Huasco and Carrizalillo, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne species, between Huasco and Carrizalillo, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne species, between Huasco and Carrizalillo, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne species, Pichasca National Monument, Eugene ZielinskiLeucocoryne mauve unknown name, Sheila Burrow

Leucocoryne violacescens Phil. is listed under this spelling in most of the major online data bases. IPNI also has a plant listed under this name as well: Leucocoryne violascens Phil. that is not included, even as a synonym, in the other data bases. It's unclear if it is the same plant with an alternate spelling. Leucocoryne violacescens has violet oval-lanceolate tepals, paler in their inferior/lower third or towards the base and three yellow, whitish filiform staminodes, with or without dark tips. Photo Osmani Baullosa.

Leucocoryne violacescens, Osmani Baullosa

Leucocoryne vittata has tepals with undulating/wavy edges, and is violet-purple with a strong violet central line and yellow conical staminodes. Photo #1 by Sheila Burrow. Photos #2 and 3 by Bill Dijk are a darker form of this species and a group of hybrids. Photo #4 taken April 2004 from Lee Poulsen. Photo #5 is by Mary Sue Ittner of the corms.

Leucocoryne vittata by Sheila BurrowLeucocoryne vittata darker form by Bill DijkLeucocoryne vittata hybrids, Bill DijkLeucocoryne vittata photo by Lee PoulsenLeucocoryne vittata corms by Mary Sue Ittner

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