Lilium Dauricum Section

Lilium is a large genus in the Liliaceae family. Information and pictures of species on the PBS wiki are found on section pages. This wiki page is for the Dauricum Section. Other sections and hybrids are linked below.


American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-Z - Candidum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


Lilium dauricum (synonym and accepted name Lilium pensylvanicum) is from Asia and Siberia. It is a very diverse species, growing, depending on variety, anywhere from 13 cm to 70 cm [6 to 34 inches]. It's color ranges are also diverse; there is the standard dauricum orange and a few further colour variations such as yellow (or citrinum) red, pink overlay and red overlay. It is also a species that can produce a lot of near albino seedlings. It was mistakenly named Lilium pensylvanicum by the English botanist John Bellenden Ker (originally named John Gawler, born in 1764 in Andover), upon recognising its correct origin he renamed it L. dauricum for a region in Siberia. First two photos below by Arnold Trachtenberg. Photo 3 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium dauricum, Arnold TrachtenbergLilium dauricum, Arnold TrachtenbergLilium dauricum, Pontus Wallstén

Grown in the Northwest Territories (Canada), photos below by Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum, Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum var. alpinum (Baker 1871) This variety is the hardest one of the dauricum family to grow from seed; it is slower germinating, easier to lose while in the initial stages of it's growth and takes an extra year to first flower. It must be the shortest Lilium species in existence, reaching only 13 cm (6 inches) to the tip of it's upright stigma; however, it has normal sized flowers. Two photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium dauricum v. alpinum, Darm CrookLilium dauricum v. alpinum, Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum pink overlay The first three photos show three florets on one stem; the first photo is a day one floret, the second is a floret photo after being open two days, and the third is a floret photo after being open three days. This plant opens with one of the best (colour wise) pink flowers of the lily world, but being an overlay the pink fades out by the end of day three. The last two photos are simply photos of other L. dauricum plants showing some of the variance between the pink overlays from one cultivar to the next. Five photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium dauricum pink overlay, Darm CrookLilium dauricum pink overlay, Darm CrookLilium dauricum pink overlay, Darm CrookLilium dauricum pink overlay, Darm CrookLilium dauricum pink overlay, Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum red form comes true from seed with variations as shown in the photos. The seeds that produced the line of red L. dauricum grown in Hay River, Northwest Territories were wild collected in Siberia. The red does not fade; they hold the colour until the florets are finished. The plants grow to a height of 70 cm and are some of the hairiest forms there are. Five photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium dauricum red form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum red form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum red form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum red form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum red form, Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum red overlay Like the pink overlay, the red overlay also fades out within three days leaving a very standard looking L. dauricum. Photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium dauricum red overlay, Darm CrookLilium dauricum red overlay, Darm Crook

Lilium dauricum yellow form is known as variety citrinum. Inside this variety there is a large amount of colour variation. Grown in the Northwest Territories. Five photos showing some of the colour variation submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium dauricum yellow form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum yellow form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum yellow form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum yellow form, Darm CrookLilium dauricum yellow form, Darm Crook

Lilium sachalinense is considered to be a synonym. It comes from Russian Sakhalin and was raised from material first found by Vladimir Vasak. Photo of a seedling bulb by Pontus Wallstén who comments it has a more pointed bulb than Lilium dauricum and is also to a certain extent stoloniferous.

Lilium sachalinense seedling bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium maculatum is from Japan where it grows in acidic soil. For years it was grown in the west under the name Lilium wilsonii. There are both early and late forms with the early form flowering two to three weeks before the late form. Both forms also have some plants that produce florets with what appears to be a pink base colouration that gets covered with an orange over lay as the floret ages. They also both have plants that produce straight orange florets. There are several other forms and varieties of this species; variety davuricum is yellow and genetically petaloid, variety monticola has a flower that is a bit smaller then the type with smaller spotting, variety flavum is yellow with a very flat floret which has little or no clawing. A couple of other forms are 'Sedogashima' and 'Shimoda'. A mature plant will grow to between 48 to 94 cm [24 to 36inches] tall with three to 10 buds per stem. The germination form is immediate epigeal but they are slow to germinate. First three photos are of L. maculatum early form, submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium maculatum, early form, Darm CrookLilium maculatum, early form, Darm CrookLilium maculatum, early form, Darm Crook

Photos four to seven are of L. maculatum late form, submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium maculatum, late form, Darm CrookLilium maculatum, late form, Darm CrookLilium maculatum, late form, Darm CrookLilium maculatum, late form, Darm Crook

Lilium maculatum var. dauricum (syn. var. davuricum, accepted name Lilium pensylvanicum) produces very little pollen and sets seed when pollinated by any forms of the L. maculatum family. It flowers at the same time as L. maculatum early form. Five photos submitted by Darm Crook

Lilium maculatum v. davuricum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. davuricum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. davuricum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. davuricum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. davuricum, Darm Crook

Lilium maculatum var. flavum (Comber 1939) flowers at the same time as L. maculatum late form. Three photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium maculatum v. flavum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. flavum, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. flavum, Darm Crook

Lilium maculatum var. monticola (accepted name Lilium maculatum var. maculatum) flowers at mid point between the L. maculatum early and late forms. Three photos submitted by Darm Crook. All three photos are of seedlings from one seed lot.

 Lilium maculatum v. monticola, Darm Crook Lilium maculatum v. monticola, Darm CrookLilium maculatum v. monticola, Darm Crook

Lilium maculatum crosses The cross inside the L. maculatum family that developed this seedling was (L. maculatum v. davuricum × L. maculatum late form) × L. maculatum v. flavum. It shows some characteristics from all three parents: the flower form and spotting pattern is L. maculatum late form; like variety davuricum it has the picotee tepal edges, the yellow flower tone and very little pollen; the yellow mid rib/flash and flowering time matches variety flavum. Three photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium maculatum three way cross, Darm CrookLilium maculatum three way cross, Darm CrookLilium maculatum three way cross, Darm Crook

American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-Z - Candidum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


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Page last modified on March 10, 2016, at 06:24 PM