Moraea Species Four

The genus Moraea can be divided into five groups: Galaxia, Gynandriris, Hexaglottis and Homeria, and Moraea.

Moraea group species F are found on this wiki page.


Moraea index lists all the species in all five groups alphabetically.


The other species in the Moraea group are listed alphabetically on these wiki pages: Moraea group A - Moraea group B - Moraea group C-E - Moraea group G-I - Moraea group J-M - Moraea group N-R - Moraea group S - Moraea group T - Moraea group U-V


Moraea falcifolia grows on sandy or clay slopes and flats from southern Namibia to the Karoo and south to the southwestern Cape. It is a short plant with white flowers and yellow nectar guides on the outer tepals and purple or yellow blotches on the inner tepals. It has short lived flowers and is difficult to grow. Photos by Audrey Cain and Rod Saunders.

Moraea falcifolia, Audrey CainMoraea falcifolia, Rod Saunders

Moraea fergusoniae grows on clay slopes in the southwest Cape in renosterveld and has short lived white or blue flowers with yellow nectar guides. The first two photos were taken by Bob Werra. The third photo from Bob Rutemoeller shows one flowering in August 2006 near Villiersdorp. Some of the leaves were curled and some were not and there was a range of heights as well. The last two photos by Cameron McMaster were taken in the Overberg.

Moraea fergusoniae, Bob WerraMoraea fergusoniae, Bob WerraMoraea fergusoniae, Villiersdorp, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fergusoniae, Napier, Cameron McMasterMoraea fergusoniae, Cameron McMaster

Moraea filamentosa. Probably related to Moraea falcifolia, this is a dwarf species under 20 mm tall. It has been collected only twice, in the desert north of Loeriesfontein. It blooms in early winter (May). Flowers are “possibly white.” It’s notable for its long thready flower bracts that are visible among the leaves.


Moraea fugax grows in deep sands and rocky sandstone and granitic soils in the winter rainfall areas of South Africa. It is distinguished by having a beaked ovary and leaf or leaves inserted high on the stem. The fugacious flowers open near midday and close around sunset. Flowers are blue, white, or yellow.

Moraea fugax ssp. filicaulis is found from Namaqualand south to Clanwilliam. It grows in rocky ground or deep sand and flowers August to October. It has 2 filiform leaves and white flowers, rarely blue violet, with yellow nectar guides. The plant and flowers are smaller than the other subspecies. Photographed September 2006 in Namaqualand by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner.

Moraea fugax ssp. filicaulis, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax  ssp. filicaulis, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax ssp. filicaulis, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax  ssp. filicaulis, Namaqualand, Mary Sue Ittner

Moraea fugax ssp. fugax is found from Namaqualand to the Southern Cape flowering from August to December depending partly on the elevation. It usually has one but occasionally two channeled linear trailing leaf/leaves and larger flower than the other subspecies. The first photo of a yellow form was taken by Jana Ulmer and the next three photos were taken by Bob Werra. Corm photo by Michael Mace.

Moraea fugax, Jana UlmerMoraea fugax, Bob WerraMoraea fugax, Bob WerraMoraea fugax, Bob WerraMoraea fugax corms, Michael Mace

The first picture was taken of a blue one in the wild in the West Coast National Park in 2001 and the next of a yellow one in Namaqualand. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner. Bob Rutemoeller took the next two September 2006 in the Cederberg of one with white flowers.

Moraea fugax, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax, Bob Rutemoeller

These photos showing many different color forms of plants blooming in the same area near Bainskloof were taken by Mary Sue Ittner September 2006.

Moraea fugax, Bainskloof, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Bainskloof, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Bainskloof, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Bainskloof, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, Bainskloof, Mary Sue Ittner

The following series of photos were taken in Namaqualand September 2006 by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner showing the progression of the flowers as they open mid day. We watched them slowly unfold within minutes and by the time they were finally open there was already a pollinator in place. Final pictures show the seed pods (found on plants that had earlier blooms) and a picture of the whole plant. Most of these pictures also show that these plants have bloomed before as there are spent blooms.

Moraea fugax bud, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax flower bud, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax, opening, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, open, with pollinator, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerMoraea fugax, seedpod, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerMoraea fugax, plant, Namaqualand, Mary Sue Ittner

Galaxia - Gynandriris - Hexaglottis - Homeria A-J - Homeria K-Z - Moraea group A - Moraea group B - Moraea group C-E - Moraea group G-I - Moraea group J-M - Moraea group N-R - Moraea group S - Moraea group T - Moraea group U-V - Moraea hybrids - Moraea index


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Page last modified on February 28, 2016, at 11:36 AM