Hesperantha Four

Hesperantha is a cormous genus in the Iridaceae family from southern and tropical Africa. Species L-P are found on this wiki page. See the links below for information about this genus and other species.


Hesperantha species A-C - Hesperantha species D-J - Hesperantha species Q-Z - Hesperantha index


Hesperantha latifolia (Klatt) M.P.de Vos is a small (3 to 8 cm) species from Namaqualand with bright pink long tubed flowers that are open during the day. This species is pollinated by long proboscid flies. Photos below from Mary Sue Ittner are of plants grown from seed and blooming in Northern California in February and of corms on a 1 cm grid.

Hesperantha latifolia, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha latifolia, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha latifolia corms, Mary Sue Ittner

Photos taken in Namaqualand by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner. The last one also features Romulea citrina.

Hesperantha latifolia, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerHesperantha latifolia, Namaqualand, Bob RutemoellerHesperantha latifolia, Namaqualand, Mary Sue Ittner

Hesperantha longituba (Klatt) Baker grows in grassland and karroid bush in the summer rainfall areas (the Free State to the southern Cape). It is a spring flowering species with sword-shaped leaves and white flowers, often pink on the outside, that open in the late afternoon. Photos taken by Cameron McMaster, including the last taken near Somerset East in the Eastern Cape.

Hesperantha longituba, Cathcart, Cameron McMasterHesperantha longituba, Cathcart, Cameron McMasterHesperantha longituba, Somerset East, Cameron McMaster

Hesperantha luticola Goldblatt is found on stony flats in seasonal pools or watercourses in the Roggeveld. Plants grow to 10 cm. high and have only one or two flowers per spike. The flowers are white with dark purple blotches at the tepal base. Plants flower in winter, are open during the day, and pollinated by bees. Photos from Rod Saunders and Mary Wise.

Hesperantha luticola, Rod SaundersHesperantha luticola, Mary Wise

Hesperantha marlothii R.C.Foster has a bell-shaped corm with a flat base. It grows in rocky areas of the Roggeveld and in the Northwest Cape. This species has three to six creamy fragrant (sweet with a clove component) flowers with a brown or red reverse. The flowers have a recurved tube and bloom on a spike late winter early spring and are pollinated by moths. Photos taken late in the day in the Komsberg by Bob Rutemoeller and Mary Sue Ittner September 2006. The third and fourth photos weres taken by Cameron McMaster near Middlepos.

Hesperantha marlothii, Komsberg, Bob RutemoellerHesperantha marlothii, Komsberg, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha marlothii, Middelpos, Cameron McMasterHesperantha marlothii, Cameron McMaster

Hesperantha oligantha (Diels) Goldblatt grows in stream banks and marshy ground in the Roggeveld. Plants grow from 6 to 10 cm high with linear to falcate leaves. The flowers are open during the day and unscented, bright pink to purple with a white throat. Flowering time is early spring, September to October. The first five photos below were taken by Mary Sue Ittner of plants grown from seed blooming the first time, February 2014. Sixth photo is by Gordon Summerfield.

Hesperantha oligantha bud, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha oligantha, back of flower, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha oligantha, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha oligantha, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha oligantha leaves, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha oligantha, Gordon Summerfield

Hesperantha pauciflora (Baker) G.J.Lewis has pink to purple, rarely yellow, unscented flowers that open in the afternoon, closing by evening. This species is found in the Northwest Cape in sandy soils where it blooms late winter to spring. It is pollinated by bees, short probscid flies, and beetles. Photos 1-2 were taken by Mary Sue Ittner of flower in cultivation blooming in Northern California April 2004 and of corms on a 1 cm grid. Photo 3 was taken by Nhu Nguyen of plants that took 4 years to flower from seeds.

Hesperantha pauciflora, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora corms, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora, Nhu Nguyen

The first four photos below were taken near Nieuwoudtville by Mary Sue Ittner. The first photo shows the species blooming in the middle of a mass of Romulea sabulosa August 2001. In the fourth photo, a forming seed pod can be seen. Photos 5-6 were taken by Cameron McMaster near Nieuwoudtville September 2011. In photo 6 it is shown with Romulea montana.

Hesperantha pauciflora, Romulea sabulosa , Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pauciflora, Nieuwoudtville, Cameron McMasterHesperantha pauciflora with Romulea montana, Nieuwoudtville, Cameron McMaster

Photos below from Alan Horstmann and Mary Sue Ittner of plants with yellow flowers.

Hesperantha pauciflora, Alan HorstmannHesperantha pauciflora, Mary Sue Ittner

Hesperantha pilosa (L.f.) Ker Gawl. grows on sandstone soils from the Bokkeveld Mountains to the southwest Cape and into the western Karoo and flowers late winter into spring. Flowers can be white opening in the evening and sweetly scented to acrid musk scented or blue to purple and open during the day. Leaves are hairy. This species is pollinated both by bees and moths. The first three photos show a plant grown from seed with flowers that are purple, almost pink depending on the light, opening in the day with attractive markings on the back and the corms on a 1 cm. grid. Photo #4 was taken in the Bokkeveld Mountains. Photos 1-4 taken by Mary Sue Ittner. Photo #5 was taken in the Komsberg by Bob Rutemoeller. The final photo from Cameron McMaster shows one of the white flowered forms. It was taken near Napier in the Overberg.

Hesperantha pilosa, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pilosa, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pilosa corms, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pilosa, Komsberg, Bob RutemoellerHesperantha pilosa, Bokkeveld Mountains, Mary Sue IttnerHesperantha pilosa, Napier, Cameron McMaster

Hesperantha pulchra Baker is a high altitude species that grows in full sun in open grassland on the high slopes of the Amatola Mountains and the surrounding hills. This species has odorless pink flowers open during the day. It flowers in autumn. Photos 1-3 taken by Cameron McMaster in the Eastern Cape. Photos 4-5 taken Bob Rutemoeller at Gaika's Kop.

Hesperantha pulchra, Cameron McMasterHesperantha pulchra,  Mt. Thomas, Cameron McMasterHesperantha pulchra,  Dohne Peak, Cameron McMasterHesperantha pulchra, Gaika's Kop, Bob RutemoellerHesperantha pulchra, Gaika's Kop, Bob Rutemoeller

Hesperantha species A-C - Hesperantha species D-J - Hesperantha species Q-Z - Hesperantha index


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Page last modified on March 01, 2015, at 07:16 AM