Lachenalia Species Three

Lachenalia is a genus with bulbs in the Hyacinthaceae family found in Namibia and South Africa. There are around 110 species (80 of those are found in the Cape region.) Most of these have a dormancy period and grow new roots each year. Lachenalia species D-I are found on this wiki page.


Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia R-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena - Lachenalia index


Lachenalia doleritica has two ovate leaves with recurved tips and bell shaped flowers that are yellowish green with darker tips. It grows on dolerite flats in the Roggeveld. Photographed by Mary Sue Ittner September 2006 early morning near Middelpos.

Lachenalia doleritica, Middelpos, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia doleritica, Mary Sue Ittner

Lachenalia elegans Four varieties of this species have been identified all with a characteristic urceolate (urn-shaped) flowers. The coloring in the varieties differs quite markedly.

Lachenalia elegans var. elegans grows near Nieuwoudtville. It has one or two lanceolate leaves and flowers that are blue at the base, shading to rose with brown gibbosities and white protruding inner segments with a pale pink spot near the tips. Photos by Rod Saunders and Cameron McMaster.

Lachenalia elegans var. elegans, Rod SaundersLachenalia elegans, Nieuwoudtville, Cameron McMaster

Lachenalia elegans var. flava , an early flowering variety, has one leaf with dark green blotches on its upper surface and a maroon crisper margin. Flowers are bright yellow with maroon markings. Photo by Rod Saunders

Lachenalia elegans var. flava, Rod Saunders

Lachenalia elegans var. membranacea has flowers that are pale or dark yellow to green with green and brown markings and a white membranous margin. Photo 1 taken by Mary Sue Ittner in the bulb room in the conservatory at Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden may be this variety. Photo 2 was taken by Nhu Nguyen at the UC Botanical Garden.

Lachenalia elegans, Kirstenbosch, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia elegans, UCBG, Nhu Nguyen

Lachenalia elegans var. suaveolens is found on mostly sandy moist slopes. This variety has blue to green flowers shading to pink that are dark maroon in the upper third and with dark maroon markings with narrow white tips. The first two photos by Bob Rutemoeller and Alan Horstmann. Photos 3-5 were taken by Mary Sue Ittner near Nieuwoudtville September 2006 are probably this variety. The last photo was taken by Cameron McMaster September 2011.

Lachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Bob RutemoellerLachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Alan HorstmannLachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Nieuwoudtville, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia elegans var. suaveolens, Nieuwoudtville, Cameron McMaster

Lachenalia fistulosa grows on rocky mountain slopes in the north and southwest Cape and blooms in spring. This species has two plain or spotted brown leaves and sessile cream, yellow, blue, lilac or violet scented bell shaped flowers. The first three photos were taken by Mary Sue Ittner of plants she has grown from seed. The last three pictures from Andrew Harvie were taken in habitat at Silvermine and Lion's Head in Table Mountain National Park.

Lachenalia fistulosa, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia fistulosa, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia fistulosa, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia fistulosa, Silvermine, Andrew HarvieLachenalia fistulosa, Lion's Head, Andrew HarvieLachenalia fistulosa, Lion's Head, Andrew Harvie

Lachenalia framesii W. F. Barker is a Namaqualand species that grows in flat sandy areas, often in large colonies. This is a delightful small species with a quite striking inflorescence consisting of greenish yellow outer perianth segments and protruding inner segments that have recurved magenta tips. It flowers in the period between the third week in August and the second week in October. Description from Don Journet. The first photo from Alan Horstmann. The second was taken near Knersvlakte September 2011 by Cameron McMaster.

Lachenalia framesii, Alan HorstmannLachenalia framesii, Knersvlakte, Cameron McMaster

Lachenalia gillettii is found in clay soils in the northwest Cape near Piketberg and Citrusdal. It has two strap shaped leaves and shortly pedicellate, narrowly bell-shaped, white and lilac flowers with green markings. The anthers are exserted. The inner segments have magenta tips. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner of plants received grown from seed that are supposed to be this species. The colors are different so I suppose it could be something else.

Lachenalia gillettii, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia gillettii, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia gillettii with spider, Mary Sue Ittner

Lachenalia haarlemensis grows on stony clay slopes in the southeast Cape. It has one or two leaves banded with maroon and greenish gray bell shaped flowers with exserted mauve flowers. Photos by Mary Sue Ittner.

Lachenalia haarlemensis, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia haarlemensis, Mary Sue Ittner

Lachenalia hirta (Thunb.) Thunb. is distributed from Namaqualand to the Western Cape where is grows in sandy soil, often in large colonies. Generally the flowers do not make this species stand out in a collection as the colours are not vivid but it is non the less quite charming. The flowers have outer perianth segments that are pale blue at their base shading to yellow with brown gibbosities. The single narrow leaf of this species is striking in the strong purple horizontal banding towards the base and the hairs on the margins and reverse of the side (hence the name hirta). Description from Don Journet. Photos taken by Mary Sue Ittner September 2006 in Namaqualand show the flowers and the unusual leaf. Photos 3 and 4 by Colin Davis show striking floral coloration (true colors) and leaf undulation.

Lachenalia hirta, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia hirta, Namaqualand, Mary Sue IttnerLachenalia hirta, Colin DavisLachenalia hirta, Colin Davis

Lachenalia isopetala is found on dolerite flats in the northwest Cape and the Roggeveld. Flowers are brown to maroon. Photos by Alan Horstmann and Rod Saunders.

Lachenalia isopetala, Alan HorstmannLachenalia isopetala, Rod Saunders

Lachenalia A - Lachenalia B-C - Lachenalia J-N - Lachenalia O-P - Lachenalia R-T - Lachenalia U-Z - Polyxena - Lachenalia index


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