Lilium Asiatic Section L-O

Lilium is a large genus in the Liliaceae family. This wiki page is for the Asiatic Section from L-O.


Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section P-Z


Other Lilium sections and hybrids are linked below.
American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Candidum Section - Dauricum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


Lilium lancifolium is a species of lily native to eastern Guam, China, Korea and Japan. This species is commonly called the "Tiger Lily", synonymous with Lilium tigrinum. See the Lilium lancifolium page. Representative photos of this species by Ron Parsons, David Pilling and Darm Crook.

Lilium lancifolium, Ron ParsonsLilium lancifolium, David PillingLilium lancifolium diploid form, Darm CrookLilium lancifolium v. flaviflorum, Darm CrookLilium lancifolium v. fortunei triploid, Darm CrookLilium lancifolium v. splendens triploid, Darm Crook

Lilium lankongense is a species found in north west Yunnan and south east Xizang in China growing at altitudes between 1800 and 3200 metres. Occasionally refered to as the "pink" Lilium duchartrei. Flowers are set on long pedicels in a very open raceme inflorescence, are down facing, fully recurved and scented with 6 to 12 per stem. First photograph by David Victor near Zhongdian, in Yunnan, July 2005. Second photograph by David Pilling of plant grown from SRGC seed exchange in 2007 which first flowered in 2009. Third photo of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén. All the other photos submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium lankongense, David VictorLilium lankongense, David PillingLilium lankongense bulb, Pontus WallsténLilium lankongense, Darm CrookLilium lankongense, Darm Crook
Lilium lankongense, Darm CrookLilium lankongense, Darm CrookLilium lankongense, Darm CrookLilium lankongense, Darm CrookLilium lankongense, Darm Crook

Lilium leichtlinii is from Japan. The type form of the species has yellow flowers with reddish-purple spots and grows only in central Honshu, Japan's main island, among tall grasses in rich, moist meadows. The variety maximowiczii with orange flowers is found all over Japan and in China and Korea. It is now believed that this variety is the true type and the yellow form should be considered a variety. It appears the yellow form was discovered and named as the type first and then the orange form was botanised. Debate concerning who discovered the lily first has led to the name var. maximowiczii for the orange form. The orange flowered form was once confused with L. lancifolium giving synonyms like Lilium leichtlinii var. tigrinum and Lilium leichtlinii var. pseudotigrinum. It is no longer confused with L. lancifolium but due to profesional ethics on who first named it and published, var. maximowiczii could still change name to var. tigrinum or Lilium pseudotigrinum (false tigrinum). It is also called Lilium maximowiczii. It has been noted (see LilyGerminationBySpecies) that leichtlinii and var. maximowiczii have different germination modes.

The stem is purplish; the buds (and the outside base of the tepals) are woolly (hairy) with some hair also being on the stem and foliage. Height 60-120 cm [2-4'] There are no stem bulbils.

Photos #1-2 were taken by Gerry Danen showing the plants grown in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Photos three to five by Darm Crook.

Lilium leichtlinii, Gerry DanenLilium leichtlinii, Gerry DanenLilium leichtlinii, Darm CrookLilium leichtlinii, Darm CrookLilium leichtlinii, Darm Crook

Photo 1 of seedling bulbs and 2 of a flowering size bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium leichtlinii seedling bulbs, Pontus WallsténLilium leichtlinii bulb, Pontus Wallstén

The photos below were taken by Nhu Nguyen from the UC Botanical Garden.

Lilium leichtlinii, UC Botanical Garden, Nhu NguyenLilium leichtlinii, UC Botanical Garden, Nhu NguyenLilium leichtlinii, UC Botanical Garden, Nhu Nguyen

Lilium leichtlinii var. maximowiczii, the first two photos were contributed by the UC Botanical Garden. Photos three to five by Darm Crook. Photo 6 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium leichtlinii, UC Botanical GardenLilium leichtlinii, UC Botanical GardenLilium leichtlinii v. maximowiczii, Darm CrookLilium leichtlinii v. maximowiczii, Darm CrookLilium leichtlinii v. maximowiczii, Darm CrookLilium leichtlinii v. maximowiczii bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium leichtlinii var. maximowiczii mutated clone, two photos by Darm Crook.

L. leichtlinii v. maximowiczii mutation, Darm CrookL. leichtlinii v. maximowiczii mutation, Darm Crook

Lilium lijiangense (synonym Lilium ningnanense) is found in the Sichuan and Yunnan provinces of China at over 3000 metres. Up to 5 scented flowers in a raceme, stem 60 cm. Lijiang is in Yunnan and Ningnan in Sichuan. Photo 1 by John Lykkegaard Johansen, photos 2 and 3 by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium lijiangense, John Lykkegaard JohansenLilium lijiangense, Pontus WallsténLilium lijiangense bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium lophophorum is found at high elevations in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces as well as SE Tibet. It is a small plant, not more then 25-30 cm with usually a solitary, lantern-like flower. It grows in Alpine meadows, occasionally at the edge of forests or in shrubby areas. Photo 1 was taken in Baimashan, NW Yunnan by Oron Peri. Photo 2 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium lophophorum, NW Yunnan, Oron PeriLilium lophophorum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium mackliniae Sealy was discovered by Frank Kingdon Ward on his botanical study tour in Siroi Hills of Ukhrul of Minipur, India, and named for his wife, Jean Macklin, notes Dr. A. V. Singh. The plant shown in photo 1 by Diane Whitehead was first thought to be a Nomocharis. This is the only plant from ten seeds sown in 1998, from the Royal Horticultural Society Lily Group. It is growing under an apple tree behind my deer fence, and flowered for the first time in mid-May, 2004 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Photo 2 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium mackliniae, Diane WhiteheadLilium mackliniae bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium nanum is an alpine species native to the Himalayas. L. nanum is a short species, growing 16 to 34 cm (7 to 15 inches); the floret is outward facing, pale pink spotted with purple. The foliage is narrow and long; it grows in a very upright position and can extend from mid-point on the stem to well above the flowering tip. Synonym Nomocharis nana. Photos by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium nanum, Pontus WallsténLilium nanum, Pontus WallsténLilium nanum, Pontus WallsténLilium nanum bulb, Pontus WallsténLilium nanum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium nanum v. flavidum(Rendle) Sealy is much like the type in foliage and height, but the florets have an outward and downward orientation, aren't as widly opened, are yellow, spot free and have a light blue stigma. This lily is an early flowering species, in zone 1 it flowers by late June early July and senesces ("browns down") by early to mid August. It enjoys a high humus well drained acidic based soil. Five photos of L. nanum var. flavidum submitted by Darm Crook.

Lilium nanum v. flavidum, Darm CrookLilium nanum v. flavidum, Darm CrookLilium nanum v. flavidum, Darm CrookLilium nanum v. flavidum, Darm CrookLilium nanum v. flavidum, Darm Crook

Lilium nepalense is a species first found in Nepal, but now known to stretch across the Himalaya into western China. It typically grows in wet forest borders, between 1200 m and 3000 m. Three botanical varieties are recognised, according to Haw (in "Lilies of China", Timber Press, 1987), all of which occur in Yunnan. The broad leaves and the location make me believe that this fits with var. nepalense. The plant shown was photographed in Yunnan, west of Liuku, near to the Myanmar (Burma) border, at 2,350 m. Comments and photos 1-2 by David Victor. Photo 3 of bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium nepalense, David VictorLilium nepalense, David VictorLilium nepalense bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium oxypetalum and Lilium oxypetalum var. insigne see Nomocharis oxypetala.


Lilium yapingense is a species described in 2013 in a paper entitled Lilium yapingense (Liliaceae) a new species from Yunnan, China, and its systematic significance relative to Nomocharis. Photo 1 by Bjornar Olsen. Photo 2 of bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium yapingense, Bjornar OlsenLilium yapingense, seedling bulb, Pontus Wallstén

American Section A-M - American Section N-Z - Asiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section P-Z - Candidum Section - Dauricum Section - Martagon Section - Oriental Section - Trumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


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Page last modified on October 29, 2015, at 10:22 AM