Lilium Oriental Section

Lilium is a large genus in the Liliaceae family. Information and pictures of species on the PBS wiki are found on section pages. This wiki page is for the Oriental Section. Other sections and hybrids are linked below.


American Section A-M - American Section N-ZAsiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-ZCandidum Section - Dauricum SectionMartagon SectionTrumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


Lilium alexandrae ((Wallace) Coutts 1934), is native to wet and frost free islands in the South of Japan. Its Japanese name is uke-yuri from the uke island of Kagoshima. Lilium alexandrae is not a recognised name and synonyms include Lilium longiflorum var. alexandrae and Lilium japonicum. It was named for Princess Alexandra. Stems grow to between 30 and 100cm; flowers are pure white and scented. Photo 1 by John Lykkegaard Johansen. Photo 2 of bulbs by Cheung Siu Ming.

Lilium alexandrae, John Lykkegaard JohansenLilium alexandrae bulb, Cheung Siu Ming

Lilium auratum is originally from Japan, it is commonly called the 'gold band' lily. The first photo is by Ron Parsons of plants in cultivation, UC Berkeley arboretum, photos 2-4 of variety platyphyllum (syn. Lilium platyphyllum) are by Janos Agoston. Photo 5 of an auratum type bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium auratum, Ron ParsonsLilium auratum var. platyphyllum, Janos AgostonLilium auratum var. platyphyllum, Janos AgostonLilium auratum var. platyphyllum, Janos AgostonLilium auratum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium auratum var. virginale (Duch.) is a synonym of Lilium auratum var. auratum. Photos 1-3 by Darm Crook depicts a lilium from the Kimono strain developed by selective breeding of Lilium auratum var. virginale. Photo 4 is of a bulb of Lilium auratun var. rubrovittatum another synonym of Lilium auratum var. auratum by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium auratum var. virginale, Darm CrookLilium auratum var. virginale, Darm CrookLilium auratum var. virginale, Darm CrookLilium auratum var rubrovittatum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium brownii var. viridulum native to China, grown in New Jersey, photos 1 and 2 by Arnold Trachtenberg. Photo 3 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium brownii var. viridulum, Arnold TrachtenbergLilium brownii var. viridulum, Arnold TrachtenbergLilium brownii, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium japonicum (sasa-yuri = bamboo lily) hails from the South of the Japanese island of Honshu where it grows on North facing slopes among bamboo and rhododendrons from sea level to over 3000 feet. It requires cool soil. Photos 1 and 2 of plants in cultivation by John Lykkegaard Johansen. Photo 3 of bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium japonicum, John Lykkegaard JohansenLilium japonicum, John Lykkegaard JohansenLilium japonicum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium nobilissimum (T. Makino 1914), is native to Kuchi-no-shima in the Ryukyu islands in Japan. Its Japanese name is tamoto-yuri.. Lilium nobilissimum is not a recognised name and some consider it to be Lilium japonicum. It is closely related to Lilium alexandrae. Photos of bulbs by Cheung Siu Ming.

Lilium nobilissimum bulb, Cheung Siu MingLilium nobilissimum bulb, Cheung Siu Ming

Lilium rubellum (otome-yuri = maiden lily) is native to the Island of Honshu in Japan. It grows at 9,000 feet, attains height of 18 inches but may reach 30 inches in cultivation. Photo 1 by Arnold Trachtenberg of the flower of a bulb received from the Species Lily Preservation Group. Photo 2 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium rubellum, Arnold TrachtenbergLilium rubellum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

These photos were taken by Mari Kitama in June 2008 at Takashimizu natural park (800 m) in Japan where there are reputed to be one million bulbs of this scented lily.

Lilium rubellum, Mari KitamaLilium rubellum, Mari KitamaLilium rubellum, Mari KitamaLilium rubellum, Mari KitamaLilium rubellum, Mari Kitama

Lilium speciosum , an old favorite, seen here in the garden of and photographed by Jim McKenney. This lily has a distinct fragrance, very strong and sweet.

Lilium speciosum, Jim McKenney

Lilium speciosum var. album Photo of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium speciosum bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium speciosum var. gloriosoides , syn. Lilium gloriosoides. Although this plant is usually listed as a variety of Lilium speciosum, it is visually different with a better flower form and red dots in the central ring. It is from China and until recently was not in cultivation in the western world. It is tall growing; usually an established plant reaches 7', with strong stems. Flowering late, seed doesn't usually ripen in areas with severe winter weather unless grown in a greenhouse/polytunnel. Photos 1-2 by John Lonsdale. Photo 3 of a bulb by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium speciosum var. gloriosoides, John LonsdaleLilium speciosum var. gloriosoides, John LonsdaleLilium speciosum var. gloriosoides bulb, Pontus Wallstén

Lilium speciosum var. rubrum Lem, is noted in the Kew check list to be a synonym for Lilium speciosum var. speciosum. Photo 1 by Ron Parsons of a plant in cultivation. Photos 2-3 of bulbs by Pontus Wallstén.

Lilium speciosum, Ron ParsonsLilium speciosum bulbs, Pontus WallsténLilium speciosum bulbs, Pontus Wallstén

American Section A-M - American Section N-ZAsiatic Section A-C - Asiatic Section D-K - Asiatic Section L-O - Asiatic Section P-ZCandidum Section - Dauricum SectionMartagon SectionTrumpet Section - Lilium Hybrids - Lilium Index


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Page last modified on December 15, 2014, at 05:54 PM